Research/press articles (2014 – 2016)

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More: research/press articles (2011-2013)

MUCH MORE REPORTS AND RESEARCH:
Home – Posts, category reports: http://frackingfreeireland.org/category/reports/


Shale Gas bulletin

Lot’s of scientific articles in the Shale Gas Bulletin Ireland

 

Databasehttps://www.zotero.org/groups/pse_study_citation_database/items

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REGULATION
HEALTH
WATER
ENVIRONMENT
CLIMATE
CHEMICALS
COMMUNITIES
LEGAL
ECONOMY
COMPANIES
TECHNOLOGY
EU
MYTHS
POST CARBON
ALTERNATIVES


General

fracking file
Overview of fracking – fracking fileshttp://newint.org/
the_fracking_files
Magazine
issue 468

fracking moments
Fracking The 5 Worst Fracking Moments of 2015
Here are some of the biggest disasters from the fracking industry this past year.

Impacts of fracking – Impact Assessment

http://www.alternet.org/fracking/5-worst-fracking-moments-2015
study ohio impact assessment
http://www.policymattersohio.org/fracking-apr2014
see also ECONOMY  http://ecowatch.com/2014/07/09/more-costs-than-benefits-from-fracking/2/

REGULATION
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REPORT FRIENDS OF THE EARTH  – regulations in  the UK

foe report regulations

Report:  all-glitters-critique-fracking-regulation-46660

https://www.foe.co.uk/sites/default/files/downloads/all-glitters-critique-fracking-regulation-46660.pdf

Press release: https://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/fracking-regs-tarnished-new-report_05062014


Record Bitumen Seepage in Alberta Continues Unabated
Researchers say energy regulator and industry must do more to explain why.
By Andrew Nikiforuk, 8 Feb 2014, TheTyee.ca
http://thetyee.ca/News/2014/02/08/Bitumen-Seepage-Alberta/

END OF REGULATION


HEALTH
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healthToxins found in fracking fluids and wastewater, study shows

http://news.yale.edu/2016/01/06/toxins-found-fracking-fluids-and-wastewater-study-shows

Jan 2016

 

 

fracking and health Fand WWhttp://www.foodandwaterwatch.org/news/documents-released-show-pa-fracking-health-complaints-negligence-state-agencies-response

 

June 2015

HORMONE DISRUPTING
Hormone disrupting activity of fracking chemicals worse than initially found – http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/06/140623103939.htm?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+sciencedaily%2Ftop_news%2Ftop_health+%28ScienceDaily%3A+Top+Health+News%29

Air monitoring in fracking areas fails to detect spikes in toxic emissions, new study
says
The most commonly used air monitoring techniques often underestimate public health threats because they don t catch toxic emissions that spike at various points during ’ gas production, researchers reported Tuesday in the peer-reviewed journal Reviews on Environmental Health.
http://www.publicintegrity.org/2014/04/03/14514/air-monitoring-fracking-areas-fails-detectspikes-toxic-emissions-new-study-says

New Study Finds Worrisome Pattern of Birth Defects in Fracking Communities
http://switchboard.nrdc.org/blogs/mrotkinellman/new_study_finds_worrisome_patt.html
Good summary of the implications of this study by NRDC

END of health

WATER
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waterhttp://www.foodandwaterwatch.org/insight/how-release-epas-draft-assessment-drinking-water-impacts-was-spun

June 2015

 

 

 

Trading Water for Fuel is Fracking Crazy –  http://ecowatch.com/2014/02/18/trading-water-for-fuel-fracking-crazy/

eco  newsClimate Change Roulette and Water Scarcity – http://ecowatch.com/2013/12/25/climate-change-roulette-water-scarcity/

 

 

 

 

 

END OF WATER

ENVIRONMENT
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A French think tank, IDDRI, crunched a lot of numbers about the economic impact of shale gas.

These are the key findings:
Despite very low and ultimately unsustainable short-term prices of natural gas, the unconventional oil and gas revolution has had a minimal impact on the US macro-economy.
The unconventional oil and gas revolution has had a minimal impact on US manufacturing.
Absent further policies, the US shale revolution will not lead to a significant, sustained decarbonisation of the US energy mix nor will it assure US energy security.
It is unlikely that the EU will repeat the US experience in terms of the scale of unconventional oil and gas production

Might be helpful in debunking some of the more outrageous claims about the economic benefits of shale gas in the US. And its potential in Europe.

Conclusion: The shale gas revolution has mainly benefited the oil and gas companies,who got into the fracking business early on. Apart from that, there are really very few advantages to the shale revolution, just a whole lot of environmental damage.

END OF ENVIRONMENT


CLIMATE – AIR
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farming

https://www.farmmachinerylocator.co.uk/impact-of-our-consumption/

When we think about global warming many of us immediately think about cars and industry ruining the planet, but does this tell the whole story? While transportation, including travel by road, sea and air, contributes over 13% of our annual CO2 emissions there is another factor, which we may not initially consider, but which has a bigger impact.

truck locater

https://www.trucklocator.co.uk/global-impact-of-transportation/
study finds methane leak

Study Finds Methane Leaks Negate Benefits of Natural Gas as a Fuel for Vehicles
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/14/us/study-finds-methane-leaks-negate-climate-benefits-of-natural-gas.html?_r=1

AFTER FIRE COMES COAL

Fire in the hole: After fracking comes coalhttp://www.newscientist.com/article/mg22129560.400-fire-in-the-hole-after-fracking-comes-coal.html?page=1#.UwDsrc5WuEx
Setting fire to coal underground could answer our energy prayers, or start an environmental disaster on a bigger scale than ever before
IF YOU thought shale gas was a nightmare, you ain’t seen nothing yet. A subterranean world of previously ignored reserves is about to be opened up. These are the vast coal deposits that have proved unreachable by conventional mining, along with gas deposits around them. To the horror of anyone concerned about climate change, modern miners want to set fire to these deep coal seams and capture the gases this creates for industry and power generation. Some say this will provide energy security for generations to come. Others warn that it is a whole new way to fry the planet.
———————————————————————————————

Study Sees Path to Cutting Substantial American Natural Gas Leaks
Full article FMN 136

By ANDREW C. REVKIN
http://dotearth.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/02/13/study-sees-path-to-cutting-substantial-american-natural-gas-leaks/?_php=true&_type=blogs&emc=edit_tnt_20140213&tntemail0=y&_r=0
“The new study, “Methane Leakage from North American Natural Gas Systems,” evaluated more than 200 of these atmospheric studies and concluded that the EPA’s methane emissions estimates are too low.
The key take-away: the EPA is likely underestimating U.S. methane emissions from natural gas by at least 50% or more.”
http://www.forbes.com/sites/williampentland/2014/02/13/underestimated-methane-leaks-make-natural-gas-dirtier-than-previously-thought-says-study/?ss=business:energy
https://www.sciencemag.org/content/343/6172/733.summary

new frackademia report

New “Frackademia” Reporthttp://www.desmogblog.com/2013/12/16/new-major-frackademia-report-co-written-converted-climate-skeptic-richard-muller

————————————
Dear all,

A study on fracking has been published by the Centre for Policy Studies, a conservative, neo-liberal UK think tank. The study is called “Why every Environmentalist should favour fracking.”
The study argues that China should frack for shale gas so that it can burn more natural gas and avoid the air pollution/health issues associated with burning coal.

My US colleagues are pushing back on the report and have put out a blog:
http://greenpeaceblogs.org/2013/12/16/a-controversial-berkeley-professor-is-trying-to-frack-china-with-the-help-of-a-shell-oil-executive/

Please feel free to share these blogs widely on social media to help counter this report’s spin.
Best wishes,

Tara Connolly
EU Energy Policy Assistant

Greenpeace European Unit
Rue Belliard 199, B-1040 Brussels

desk: +32 2 274 1921
mobile: +32 477 790 416
email: tara.connolly@greenpeace.org
skype: tarabot
www.greenpeace.eu

END OF CLIMATE


CHEMICALS
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Exposed and in the dark about fracking chemicals in Europe

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chemicals

http://fractura-hidraulica.blogspot.com.es/2014/10/exposed-and-in-dark-about-fracking.html

viernes, 24 de octubre de 2014

Exposed and in the dark about fracking chemicals in Europe

The institutions of the European Union do not know what chemical substances are currently being utilized in the hydraulic fracturing process within EU territory. Worse still, they openly admit it is impossible to carry out an adequate risk characterization up to date, because exposure models for such a risk assessment do not exist yet. The plan announced by the Commission to repair this situation looks insufficient. Continue reading

Fracking without chemicals – fluoropropane an alternative??
Posted on February 4, 2014
A report published by the French weekly Le Canard Enchaine indicated Montebourg is backing a proposal to allow local governments to decide whether they want to allow fracking by employing fluoropropane, a non-flammable liquid used as a propellant in inhalers and fire extinguishers, as an alternative to the banned techniques.

http://ecowatch.com/2014/01/29/video-fracking-land-of-lincoln/

END OF CHEMICALS


COMMUNITIES
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Long term energy development

Long Term Development
http://headwaterseconomics.org/energy/western-counties-fossil-fuel-development  (December 2013)
See also Shale Gas Bulletin Ireland – Jan 2014

END OF COMMUNITIES


LEGAL
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epa

EPA Unlikely To Pursue Fracking Contamination Cases Anytime Soon, Analysts Sayhttp://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/01/06/epa-fracking-contamination_n_4544961.html

END OF LEGAL


ECONOMY gas prices
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ECOWATCH

Study Finds More Costs Than Benefits From Fracking

http://ecowatch.com/2014/07/09/more-costs-than-benefits-from-fracking/?utm_source=EcoWatch+List&utm_campaign=661b037ccb-Top_News_7_9_2014&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_49c7d43dc9-661b037ccb-85321873


A 2014 study published in Journal of Infrastructure Systems, “Estimating the Consumptive Use Costs of Shale Natural Gas Extraction on Pennsylvania Roadways,” analyzes a less-studied impact of fracking, the damage it imposes on local transportation infrastructure. The researchers, based at the RAND Corporation and Carnegie Mellon University, looked at the design life and reconstruction cost of roadways in the Marcellus Shale formation in Pennsylvania. They note that local roads are generally designed to support passenger vehicles,not heavy trucks, and that “the useful life of a roadway is directly related to the frequency and weight of truck traffic using the roadway.”

The study’s findings include:
 Heavier vehicles cause exponentially greater roadway damage: A single axle with a
3,000-pounds load has a load equivalency factor (LEF) of 0.0011; for an 18,000-pound
load, the LEF is 1.0; and for 30,000 pounds, it’s 8.28. “This means that 18,000-pound
and 30,000-pound single-axle … do about 900 times and 7,500 times more damage
than a 3,000-pound single axle pass, respectively.”
 The estimated road-reconstruction costs associated with a single horizontal well range
from $13,000 to $23,000. However, Pennsylvania often negotiates with drilling
companies to rebuild smaller roads that are visibly damaged, so the researchers’
conservative estimate of uncompensated roadway damage is $5,000 and $10,000 per
well.
 While the per-well figure of $5,000-$10,000 appears small, the increasingly large
number of wells being drilled means that substantial costs fall on the state: “Because
there were more than 1,700 horizontal wells drilled [in Pennsylvania] in 2011, the
statewide range of consumptive road costs for that year was between $8.5 and $39
million,” costs paid by state transportation authorities, and thus taxpayers.
See more at: http://journalistsresource.org/studies/government/infrastructuregovernment/
costs-shale-natural-gas-extraction-local-roads#sthash.hwBxbQPY.dpuf

END OF ECONOMY


COMPANIES
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END OF COMPANIES


TECHNOLOGY
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END OF TECHNOLOGY


EU
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END OF EU


MYTHS – Bubble
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END OF MYTHS


POST CARBON
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END OF POST CARBON


ALTERNATIVES
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Ukraine stand-off aids renewables’ case
By Pilita Clark in London
The stand-off with Moscow over Ukraine could hardly have come at a better time
for Europe’s troubled renewable energy industry.
Energy security has always been a big selling point for wind farms and solar plants,
along with a desire to tackle climate change.
An EU-wide target to gain 20 per cent of the bloc’s energy from such sources
prompted a splurge of green subsidies that meant renewable generators made up
40 per cent of the region’s power capacity in 2013, up from 24 per cent in 2000.
Just over 70 per cent of all the new generating capacity installed in the bloc last
year was renewable, the sixth year running that more than 55 per cent of new EU
power capacity has come from such schemes.

Full article: windfarms

50 states 50 plans

Alternative energy strategies published for all 50 US states
http://thesolutionsproject.org/
see also: https://sites.google.com/site/shalegasbulletinireland/

END OF ALTERNATIVES



A French think tank, IDDRI, crunched a lot of numbers about the economic impact of shale gas.

These are the key findings:

  • Despite very low and ultimately unsustainable short-term prices of natural gas, the unconventional oil and gas revolution has had a minimal impact on the US macro-economy.

  • The unconventional oil and gas revolution has had a minimal impact on US manufacturing.

  • Absent further policies, the US shale revolution will not lead to a significant, sustained decarbonisation of the US energy mix nor will it assure US energy security.

  • It is unlikely that the EU will repeat the US experience in terms of the scale of unconventional oil and gas production

Might be helpful in debunking some of the more outrageous claims about the economic benefits of shale gas in the US. And its potential in Europe.

Conclusion: The shale gas revolution has mainly benefited the oil and gas companies,who got into the fracking business early on. Apart from that, there are really very few advantages to the shale revolution, just a whole lot of environmental damage.

One thought on “Research/press articles (2014 – 2016)

  1. Pingback: Fracking: torture of the Earth | Art of Resistance

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