EU/Global Fracking

On this page you will find EU and global info on fracking:

moratoria – licenses – Free Trade -  fracking maps and the latest updates.

More global info on:
Button Irish Press - News, drop down to:
EU Press   and Global Press
ButtonEU/Global Actions

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fracking file

us energy mapping

 You can have a good overview of fracking in the US   – New EIA Energy Map
Reporter Geert De Cock:
A colleague in our DC office referred me to this map, made by the US Energy Information. Map available here: http://www.eia.gov/state/maps.cfm

I suggest that you find places like west of Dallas, TX (Fort Worth area) or the southwestern tip of Pennsylvania, You can play around with settings like satellite view and topographical view. I highly recommend this to everyone—it gives a better sense of the extent to which the US is entrenched in fossil fuel infrastructure, as well as our potential to move toward renewables.


Overview of fracking – fracking fileshttp://newint.org/  
the_fracking_files
Magazine
issue 468

Europe opens doors for fracking

http://frackingfreeireland.org/2014/01/22/europe-opens-doors-to-dangerous-fracking-press-release/  (22 Jan 2014)

eu shale gas basins

http://www.drillingcontractor.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/web_MAP-SLB-JUN-12.jpg

MORATORIA AND BANS

For those interested in the (updated) article doing an overview of the resistance to fracking (although the recent good news from Italy are not included)
please visit the link (September 2013)

(english version)
http://fractura-hidraulica.blogspot.com.es/2013/09/fracking-state-of-affairs-in-other.html

(Spanish version)
http://fractura-hidraulica.blogspot.com.es/2013/09/fracking-estado-de-situacion-en-otros.html
Samuel Martín-Sosa Rodríguez
Responsable de Internacional/International Coordinator
Ecologistas en Acción
C/ Marqués de Leganés 12 28004 Madrid (Spain)
+34 91 531 27 39
www.ecologistasenaccion.org
skype: internacionalecologistasenaccion
Twitter: @SamuelMSosa

Another updated list:
you will find an updated list of all bans and moratoria on fracking on
Keep Tap Water Safe, a list of dozens of places around the world where fracking has been banned. Ranging from municipalities in the USA, to entire nations overseas, fracking has been subjected to wide-ranging bans: http://keeptapwatersafe.org/global-bans-on-fracking/
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The Brazilian academy of sciences officially demand a moratorium on shale gas development
CARTA SBPC DILMA  (Engl and Spanish) CARTA SBPC DILMA

JULY 2013 – reporter: FOE Scotland (FMN 115)

 Bans and moratoria around the world
France: A nationwide ban on fracking
Switzerland: A moratorium on fracking was introduced in the canton of Fribourg
Germany: Moratorium in Northrhine-Westphalia on fracking. Lower Saxony likely to do the same.
Bulgaria: Government banned fracking
Czech Republic: A moratorium on fracking, considering outright ban
Spain: Cantabria banned fracking, La Rioja is also currently considering same
Netherlands: Moratorium on unconventional fossil fuels
Denmark: Moratorium on fracking
Quebec: A moratorium on fracking
United States:  Vermont banned fracking, and New York has moratorium
New South Wales: ban on any coal bed methane activity within 2km of residential areas, and within critical industry clusters such as winegrowing areas
Ireland: 2-year moratorium on fracking  0NOT OFFICIAL  just awaiting the outcome of an EPA report, will be relesead in 2015)


__________________________

1. France, Bulgaria and the region of Cantabria in the North of Spain have already banned hydraulic fracturing on environmental concerns, while Romania, Ireland, the Czech Republic, Denmark and North-Rhine Westphalia in Germany have proclaimed moratoria. As in the Netherlands, the UK and Switzerland, projects in the listed countries with moratoria have been suspended until further environmental risk assessments are done. In Norway and Sweden, fracking has been declared economically unviable. Projects in Austria and Sweden have been cancelled for the same reason, though without legislative measures.

2. There are many oil and gas companies, with headquarters or offices in Canada, which have already begun exploring shale gas reserves in Europe, particularly in Poland. Though many of these firms are not strictly Canadian, a subsidiary based in Canada would allow them to challenge fracking bans and regulations through CETA. There is ample evidence that firms will shift their nationalities in order to profit from such a treaty.

Contact:

EU:

Pia Eberhardt, Corporate Europe Observatory (English/German)

pia@corporateeurope.org
+49-(0)221-78967810 or +49-(0)15256309102

Timothé Feodoroff, Transnational Institute (English/French)
timothe.feodoroff@tni.org

Hilde van der Pas, Transnational Institute (English/Dutch)
hildevanderpas@tni.org
+31(0)20-6626608

Canada:
Stuart Trew, Council of Canadians (English/French)
strew@canadians.org;
+1-(647)-222-9782

Emma Lui, Council of Canadians (English)
elui@canadians.org;
+1-(613)-233-4487 Ext. 239

http://www.r-cause.net/bans–moratoria-local–global.html

Summary of moratoria, bans etc: Summary world bans against fracking (pdf)

List of Fracking Bans and Moratoriums – juli 2012

Charting the Governments move on frackinghttp://www.propublica.org/special/from-gung-ho-to-uh-oh-charting-the-governments-moves-on-fracking

Ecowatch calls for fracking ban in europehttp://ecowatch.org/2012/group-calls-for-fracking-ban-in-europe/

IEA set to ask G20 to regulate shale gas -  http://www.poten.com/NewsDetails.aspx?id=12060118  (6 Febr. 2012)


FREE TRADE

WTO FORUM – 2 OCT 2013

Statement: To confront the climate emergency we need to dismantle the WTO and the free trade regimehttp://climatespace2013.wordpress.com/2013/09/06/statement-to-confront-the-climate-emergency-we-need-to-dismantle-the-wto-and-the-free-trade-regime/

wto forum - geertPresentation Geneva (Geert Decock)

a transatlantic corpporate bill of rights

 

A transatlantic corporate bill of rightshttp://corporateeurope.org/trade/2013/06/transatlantic-corporate-bill-rights (3 June 2013)

a transatlantic corpporate bill of rights 2

 

A transatlantic corporate bill of rights – pdfcorporate-bill-of-rights

The right to say nohttp://corporateeurope.org/publications/right-say-no-eu-canada-trade-agreement-threatens-fracking-bans

The right to say no – ceta-fracking-briefingen pdf

MEDIA RELEASE

EU-Canada trade agreement threatens fracking bans

Amsterdam/Brussels/Ottawa, May 6th. – The proposed Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between the European Union (EU) and Canada would grant energy companies far-reaching rights to challenge bans and regulations of environmentally damaging shale gas development (fracking), a new briefing by Corporate Europe Observatory, The Council of Canadians and the Transnational Institute shows.

As Canadian negotiators visit Brussels this week to move the CETA negotiations further towards conclusion, “The right to say no” warns the proposed investment protection clauses in the agreement would jeopardise governments’ ability to regulate or ban fracking.

Currently, EU member states and Canadian provinces are studying the environmental and public health risks of this newly popular technology to extract hard-to-access natural gas or oil. While the majority of European countries concerned with shale gas endowments are taking positions against it, powerful oil and gas corporations are pushing back against regulation.

“CETA will empower big oil and gas companies to challenge fracking bans and regulations through the back door. They would just need to have a subsidiary or an office in Canada,” warns Timothé Feodoroff, from the Transnational Institute.

Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) there already exists a precedent for the legal challenges to fracking bans and regulations that the new report warns could be the state of things to come in Europe and Canada. US energy firm, Lone Pine Resources Inc., is challenging a moratorium on fracking in the Canadian province of Quebec, suing the Canadian government for $250-million in compensation.

“The Lone Pine case shows that governments are highly vulnerable to investor-state lawsuits against precautionary environmental decisions affecting controversial energy projects,” says Stuart Trew, trade campaigner with the Council of Canadians.

“An investor-state dispute system in the proposed CETA would create needless risk to Canadian and European communities weighing the pros and cons of fracking,” adds Emma Lui, water campaigner with the Council of Canadians.

Canada is the sixth most sued country under this investor-rights system, with all cases filed under NAFTA, and currently faces more than $5-billion in compensation claims from U.S. investors. EU member states also have experience with investor-state disputes undermining green energy and environmental protection policies. Germany is currently being sued by energy company Vattenfall because of the country’s exit from nuclear power. Vattenfall is seeking €3.7 billion in compensation for lost profits.

“Members of the European Parliament should put the public interest ahead of investors’ and oppose an investor-state dispute settlement mechanism in CETA. It would pave the way for millions of Euros in compensation paid to big business by European taxpayers – for legislation in the public interest,” explained Pia Eberhardt, from Corporate Europe Observatory.

EU-Canada CETA negotiations were launched at a bilateral summit in May 2009. Several of the proposed chapters in the agreement will constrain the policy space of the EU and member states, putting effective environmental protection measures at risk of trade or investment disputes from Canada. Negotiators hope to conclude a deal before the summer.

Corporate Europe Observatory, the Council of Canadians and Transnational Institute are urging the EU, member states and the Canadian government not to include an investor–state dispute settlement system in CETA.

http://www.tni.org/briefing/right-say-no
http://corporateeurope.org/publications/right-say-no-eu-canada-trade-agreement-threatens-fracking-bans


 

IEA golden ages of gas and golden rules on frackinghttp://www.irishenvironment.com/reports/international-energy-agencys-golden-age-of-gas-and-golden-rules-on-fracking/

Map:  http://www.drillingcontractor.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/web_MAP-SLB-JUN-12.jpg

 About Us

Natural Gas Europe provides essential daily reading on European gas matters.

As an independent organization, we provide relevant news, reports and interviews by our correspondents, contributors and media partners.

Our focus is on the development of natural gas resources and in particular, energy security and unconventional gas activities.

We strive to be neutral in our positioning and seek to present material that is divergent in viewpoints so our readers can decide for themselves.

http://www.naturalgaseurope.com/about

An earthquake is winding up under the crust of European soil—not a conventional seismic one, but an energy temblor, with the potential to transform the Continent’s energy market and alter the strategic parameters of Russian-European relations. The prospect of the commercialization of shale gas has already generated a high-stakes debate within the European Union about how fossil fuels, nuclear power, solar and renewables should factor in its energy mix.

http://the-american-interest.com/article-bd.cfm?piece=1168  (Jan/Febr. Issue)

 

Lessons from Bulgaria, the UK and New York Statefracking_publish lessons from bulgaria uk etc

Overview of political initiatives regarding unconventional gas extraction (translated version) - Overview of politicial initiatives

http://www.unkonventionelle-gasfoerderung.de/2011/09/23/uebersicht-der-politischen-initiativen-zur-unkonventionellen-gasfoerderung/#more-2167

Bulgaria’s Energy minister calls for common EU rules for shale gas exploration

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EDUCATION
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RDA newsletter – forest fragmentation, ban gas drilling in our Natural forest

Youtube movie:Kevin Heatley a restoration http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=21Jxw-HiEXE

Kevin Heatley is a senior scientist at Biohabitats, Inc. and tech consultant for Responsible Drilling Alliance in Wiliamspot, Pa. DA is a grassroots, all-volunteer education and advocacy coalition that seeks to educate its members and the public about deep shale gas drilling and all of its ramifications. Kevin Heatley works as a habitat restorer. His presentation draws on the experience in Louisiana where environmental impacts by the gas and oil industry have been severe, and the cost of remediation externalized. A very animated and passionate speaker, Kevin Heatley discussion of our situation in the Northeast builds upon Bill Belitskusapos;s discussion of the impacts on the Allegheny National Forest and contiguous Allegheny State Forest in New York. He was the thid speaker at the public forum “Fracking the Fingerlakes: The Rest of the Story” held in Hammondsport, NY on September 15, 2011.

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FRACKING MAPS  and info (per country)
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Frack Mapperhttp://www.fractracker.org/maps/
Very useful, all USA maps at a glance!

Fracking map world wide – http://twitpic.com/3o5xq2

SOUTH AFRICA
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Shale gas in South Africa

EU
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fracking the states of affairs

Fracking – International State of Art_EN

I prepared this article for our Spanish magazine “Ecologista”. The article was intended to give an overview of what the situation was outside the Spanish borders, mainly in Europe.

Since I thought the information in the article, which was finalized end of July, could be of interest for other in this list, we ordered translation into English.

The article was not published yet, and due to length constraints it will probably be shrinked. But I attach here the original full version in English (I will circulate the Spanish version when it is finally published, hopefully next month)

Many things have not been included. For example, the start of the drillings in Bamcombe and the protests there, came in after the article was finalized. New licenses granted to Chevron in Romania, also came afterwards,…and many other things, since reality evolves rapidly.

I hope I grasped the essence of what is going on out there. If I placed any wrong information, I apologize.

Nice reading

Best
samuel

Samuel Martín-Sosa Rodríguez
Responsable de Internacional/International Coordinator
Ecologistas en Acción

www.ecologistasenaccion.org
skype: internacionalecologistasenaccion
Twitter: @SamuelMSosa

THE NETHERLANDS
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Exploration licences in the Netherlands

Green: Shale gas

Yellow: Shale oil

Blue: Coal gas

Screenshot t aken from factsheet:

Factsheet Milieudefensie over Schaliegas September 2011- Risico’s onconventioneel aardgas.1

 

http://www.stopsteenkoolgas.nl/waargaswinning.html

The latest news on shale gas in the Netherlands:

SCAN_20130911_050419561

 

 

The Netherlands – moratorium extended

The moratorium – one to one and a half year – specifies shale gas, but can be assumed to include coal seam gas as well. The earlier moratorium explicitly included coal seam gas, but currently no coal gas exploration licences are applied for of granted in the Netherlands.

http://www.schaliegasvrij-haaren.nl/  (Dutch website)

Here is the message my colleagues from the Netherlands asked to circulate

“Yesterday evening our energy minister Kamp announced that he will extend the moratorium on fracking for shale gas with at least a year. He publically admitted that the unrest in the Dutch society was too big to continue with his fracking plans. He announced to first do extra research; officially to determine the best location for test drills, but unofficially to buy time to try convice the Dutch society of the benefits of shalegas.

A great victory for Milieudefensie and the local anti-fracking groups! In the three minicipalities where test drills were planned local groups have been actively protesting fracking for years. In the last months they did this together with the municipality officials and local politicians. Milieudefensie has been supporting these groups from the start.

But, the antifracking campaign is not over yet in The Netherlands. The decision on fracking is only postponed. Cuadrilla anounced today that they are dissapointed but that they think that the decision of the minister to conduct extra research will contribute to the public acceptance of fracking. And thye believe that is will increase the chance that shalegas will be extracted on large scale in the Netherlands.

We will continue to mobilise municipalities and provinces against fracking. And we will continue with informing the public about the risks of fracking and unmask Cuadrilla’s lies.

You can find here an article in English reporting this decision: http://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2013/09/no_shale_gas_decision_for_18_m.php

http://blueandgreentomorrow.com/2013/09/20/the-netherlands-puts-temporary-ban-on-fracking-ahead-of-further-research/

And here you have an interview given by Minister Kamp: http://www.rtlnieuws.nl/nieuws/politiek/wat-wil-kamp-nou-precies-met-de-schaliegasboringen Google translate works quite well with Dutch, but if you think it’s still too bad, you can find below the quick translation a colleague made of the most interesting part:

“Interviewer: Why did you decide to do more research?
Minister Kamp: Because I listened very carefully to everything that has been said, not only here in The Hague in the Parliament, but also in the country a lot has been said, experts said a lot of things, water companies, I received lot’s of reactions. I had a good thought about it, and I think continuing now with the procedure is not the best thing we can do.

Interviewer: Was all the opposition against shale gas a warning/were you scared by the opposition?
Minister Kamp: I’m not easily scared by such things, but I do listen to it. I’m not only telling people things, I also have to listen. And if I have the intention to do something and the people respond- if things are being said that give you the look at things from a different angle, than you should definitely do that.”

Obviously, the minister made sure to use its politician rhetoric not to admit too obviously that the public opposition blocked their fracking plans, but when you read between the lines, this is what it basically means.
——————————–

This Monday, August 26, 2013, the Minister of Economy, Henk Kamp, sent to Parliament the long awaited report regarding the risks of exploitation of shale gas in the Netherlands.
This report is accompanied by a letter from the Minister in which are summarized the issues raised in this report about the risks:

*   of possible pollution of soil and groundwater caused by leaks in the wellbore, by leaking methane and other chemicals, and leaks on the surface,
*   of possible movements of soil and the underground (subsidences or quakes),
*   of the excessive use of space on surface,
*   of security in general.

Then it summarizes the answers given in this report:

*  Pollution of drinking water is possible, but minimal. Given the experience of the Netherlands in conventional natural gas drilling which uses roughly the same techniques (really?), the risks of exploitation of shale gas are estimated minimal, but slightly higher because of the presence of a higher number of wells.
*  Because drilling in the Netherlands must be very deep (at least 3000 and often 5000 meters), the risk of a rise to sensitive aquifers of fracking fluid (which remains trapped in the rock) and methane naturally present in the rock, is unlikely.
*  A possible pollution the drilling site itself can be controlled by strict guidelines such as storage of water in containers installed on an impermeable location.
*  Exploitation of shale gas can cause earthquakes, if it takes place near a natural seismic zone. The maximum seismic force would probably be less than around conventional natural gas drilling, and would not exceed 3.0 degrees on the Richter scale. Fracking can cause vibrations in the underground, which would not exceed the 1.0 degrees on the Richter scale. These vibrations are not perceptible on the surface.
*  Exploitation of shale gas does not cause subsidence.
*  Exploitation of shale gas would take up more space in the landscape than conventional operations because its extraction requires a larger number of wells. The environmental risk is to be considered case by case.
*  The risk of incidents around the drilling of shale gas wells are not much higher than around conventional natural gas drilling. However, they are of a different nature due to the fact that industrial activity for extracting shale gas is more intense than for conventional gas, in fact, the production time and life of a conventional natural gas well is much longer than that of a shale gas well and the quantities extracted are much bigger.
*  The existing laws guarantee a sufficiently restrictive framework to avoid these risks.

In a short speech on television, the Minister of Economy did not mention all these points (= risk). He said that exploratory drilling for shale gas is needed to assess the reserves and assess the impact that this new energy could have on the national economy. He especially stressed that shale gas reserves in the Netherlands can be an asset to the purchasing power of the Dutch.
Before the debate in parliament, the Minister wants to await the view of the Environmental Committee of Parliament on the report, due end of September.

Up till now and to my knowledge, the current Minister of Infrastructure and Environment has made no comment, which may prove that in the Netherlands economic arguments weigh heavier than the threats to the environment and the need for energy transition. Furthermore the Minister of Economy happily confuses exploration and exploitation.
The Minister invited this morning the mayors of the three municipalities involved in the possible first prospective exploration drilling. When they left, two mayors expressed their stupefaction about the fact that they received the report (in all 476 pages) two days ago and had to listen quietly to the Minister summing it up in a quarter of an hour.
Among the first reactions, often critical, I heard one of Professor Jan Hopmans, renowned hydrologist, who did have the time to read it. He first denounced the conflict of interest of some of the investigators, then the contradictions between the same report and its annexes, citing many examples. He concluded by describing the report “scientifically crippled”.
The outcome of the debate in early October, if this debate will take place after the avalanche of reactions, depends primarily on the position of the Labour Party (PvdA) which forms a politically right and left wing coalition with the party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD). Labour Party activists have already spoken out against the exploitation of shale gas.
It remains to be seen what the position of the parliamentary left will be during the debate. Some Labour memers of Parliament have already called for a public hearing on shale gas.
Active opponents of shale gas in the Netherlands may thank the Minister of Economy and his sloppy dealings in this matter. I have rarely seen, heard and read so many negative comments and reactions in one day.
To be continued.

Joop van Helmond

Reports

onderzoeksrapport
ReportRapport A+B – domus-13142391-v1-definitief-eindrapport-w-b-hoofdrapport
Bijlagen:  Rapport – Bijlage – domus-13145934-v1-definitief-rapport-w-b-bijlagen-deel-i

brief kamp aan 2e kamer

Letter from Minister Kamp – Rapport – Brief Kamp aan Tweede Kamer – microsoft-word-13125938
BAD NEWS -
Shale gas is safe according to a secret report.
The report,  by Witteveen+Bos, Fugro en Arcadis , was finished within 3 months, results of a short public consultation were ignored and decision was behind doors.

Shale gas safe, says government report; cabinet to discuss Friday
Friday 23 August 2013
Dutch ministers will on Friday discuss a still-confidential report which states fracking – the process of extracting gas from shale rock deep under the ground – is safe, according to RTL news.
Shale gas is ordinary natural gas that has been trapped in dense shale beds deep underground. It is extracted using a controversial process known as fracking, which involves drilling a hole deep into the shale and pumping in water mixed with sand and chemicals.
A number of local councils, water boards and even brewing groups like Heineken have come out against the production of shale gas in the Netherlands because of the risk of pollution.
Protests
The protests led economic affairs minister Henk Kamp to commission a report into the pros and cons of fracking in the Netherlands.
RTL has a secret copy of the document which states shale gas can be extracted cleanly and safely. Three trial locations – Boxtel, Haaren and the Noordoost polder – have already been earmarked and ministers are now poised to give the go ahead to test drilling, sources have told the broadcaster.

Environmental group Milieudefensie said voting in favour of fracking would be reckless. The report is a ‘sloppy, rushed job’, has been pieced together from existing publications and is not geared to the Dutch situation, the organsation said.
In Britain, plans to extract shale gas in parts of rural England have led to major protests and arrests.
http://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2013/08/shale_gas_safe_says_government.php

Dutch website: https://www.schaliegasvrij.nl/
Conclusies onderzoeksrapport risico’s schaliegas gelekt: geen solide uitgangspunt voor besluitvorming beleid
Posted on 22 augustus 2013
Stichting Schaliegasvrij Nederland heeft kennis genomen van het verschijnen van het onderzoeksrapport aangaande de risico’s voor mens en milieu van schaliegas- en steenkoolgas, dat in opdracht van het Ministerie van EZ is opgesteld door consortium Witteveen+Bos, Fugro en Arcadis. Door de intransparante werkwijze van EZ richting de klankbordgroep voor dit onderzoek, waarvan SSN deel uitmaakte, heeft de stichting nog geen kans gehad de inhoud van het rapport te bestuderen. SSN is echter van mening dat het onderzoek, dat van finalisatie van onderzoeksvoorstel tot presentatie nog geen 3 maanden in beslag heeft genomen, geen solide uitgangspunt kan vormen voor een gedegen besluitvorming over dit belangrijke onderwerp.

http://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2013/08/no_green_light_yet_for_shale_g.php

1) The actual study in Dutch:
http://www.rijksoverheid.nl/ministeries/ez/documenten-en-publicaties/kamerstukken/2013/08/26/brief-aan-de-tweede-kamer-schaliegas-resultaten-onderzoek-en-verdere-voortgang.html

with a concise english summary on page 5. In any case I understand all has been on the basis of literature survey, also they did not look at specific local conditions of proposed test locations:

http://t.co/u9U5pbifay

2) A criticism of the study from the Schaliegasvrij campaign (in Dutch only):
https://www.schaliegasvrij.nl/2013/08/22/conclusies-onderzoeksrapport-risicos-schaliegas-gelekt-geen-solide-uitgangspunt-voor-besluitvorming-beleid/

A Dutch  campaigner said that “initially there was a consultative committee from which last June both environmental groups and local governments have withdrawn when it was clear that they could not have any say on the conclusions of the report. A clear sign that there have been strong political pressures from the ministry of economic affairs.”

shale gas safe

Shale gas is safehttp://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2013/08/shale_gas_safe_says_government.php

Conclusies onderzoeksrapport risico’s schaliegas gelekt: geen solide uitgangspunt voor besluitvorming beleid- https://www.schaliegasvrij.nl/

Newsletterhttps://www.schaliegasvrij.nl/wp-content/plugins/newsletter/do/view.php?id=28&nk=15-3d54c877e8

Here is below an extremely interesting article about a major Dutch bank, Rabobank, which has decided to be officially opposed to shale gas. As a consequence, it will not lend any money to shale gas operators and will also refuse loans to farmers who would lease their land to energy companies.

Rabobank is against shale gas extraction

Trouw, Kees de Peace - 07/01/13, 07:14
© Wedding. Shale gas plant in Pennsylvania.

Rabobank refuse to lend to businesses that deal with the extraction of shale gas money. Even farmers who lease their land to energy companies with the intention of shale gas out of the ground, do not get loans from the bank.

This is particularly in the U.S. where shale gas is already won. There’s an actual run on the fuel, which is already labeled as the second gold rush. When that gas be plenty of water and chemicals. Here and there by negligence and badly beaten wells question of pollution of soil and water. Thereby colliding gas interests and agricultural interests increasingly with each other. Rabobank is the largest agricultural lender.

The bank considers the production of what it calls “unconventional fuels” such as oil from tar sands and shale gas from deep bedrock, as polluting and do not contribute to it. A spokeswoman for the office of Rabobank in Utrecht confirms this arrangement. Which is based on the ‘Position paper on oil and gas activities’ that the bank has recently issued. This position means that, in addition to pollution of soil, water and air, the bank strictly look for include loss of biodiversity, the treatment of the local residents and working conditions.

The position of Rabobank applies worldwide, says the spokesperson, but is mainly used in practice in the U.S.. In the Netherlands, this still does not play, the spokeswoman said. She does not want to prejudge the situation in the Netherlands that shale gas will be extracted. ”We closely follow the discussion in the Netherlands is going on and wait for the outcome.”

She points out that the situation in the U.S. is different than in the Netherlands.”Here is the state owns everything in the ground. In the U.S., each landowner also boss of the soil below. U.S. farmers have a choice so that their Dutch colleagues do not have.”

Against the rapidly growing and often uncontrolled shale gas in the U.S. are becoming more farmers and restaurant chefs in the gun. They fear for contaminated land and water, and ultimately contaminated crops and sick animals. The last three years is approaching that gas agricultural areas in states like New York and California. In very dry areas in the south and mid-west farmers and energy companies compete for scarce water.

THE NETHERLANDS
Europe is singing the same hymns….

The developments re. EPA, TOR, decision making looks similar to Ireland.

An advice group (Arcadez, Fugro and another engineers consultancy company) did make a (draft) EPA report for the minister of Economic Affairs.
Two of the three groups have strong connections with shale gas in the US

NGO and campaign groups organised (‘submission group’) and did send in one submission for the TOR, with 52 questions. Some questions were not taken on board (what are the costs of fracking, what are the costs of renewable energy)

The Dutch draft version of the EPA is ready, but was not send to the Ngo/campaign group, although it was agreed. No answer was given why.
The final report should be finished in July

Today the ‘submission group’ was invited to receive the (draft) version ( but they had to sign that they wouldn’t tell anything about it (so it was/is a secret document)
The  NGO/Campaign group(‘submission group’) and  various local Provinces decided not to sign  and are now kicked out of the consultation process.
The public will not be informed.

In the meantime 55 professors have written a document why there is no place for shale gas in the Netherlands and 47 towns/villages have declared shale gas free.

The minister seems to ignore all these protests.
So: only the minister for Economic Affairs and the Gas (lobby) companies are now finalizing the report.
—————-
Documentary on fracking in Poland. Churches are collapsing due to seismic MEASURES (not earthquakes)

Altijd Wathttp://altijdwat.ncrv.nl/nieuwsblogs/schaliegas-wat-zijn-gevolgen
http://gemi.st/15728158

—————–


BD_voorpagina_26Jun13[2]
BD_26_Jun_13_pag_17[2]

From the Dutch Newsletter
Beste mensen,
Gisteren is een rel ontstaan over de geheimhouding die minister Kamp (Economische Zaken) wil leggen op het onderzoeksrapport over de risico’s van schaliegaswinning. Dit treft leden van de klankbordgroep, met daarin allerlei belanghebbenden die een geheimhoudingsverklaring moeten ondertekenen.

http://www.bd.nl/regio/brabant/rel-over-geheim-schaliegasrapport-1.3884693

Vandaag komt de Provincie Noord-Brabant met een persbericht.
Persbericht provincie Noord-Brabant – Provincies stappen uit klankbordgroep schaliegasonderzoek
Ook SchalieGASvrij Haaren heeft geweigerd de geheimhoudingsverklaring te ondertekenen die minister Kamp van leden van de Klankbordgroep van het “onafhankelijke onderzoek” heeft geëist om inzage te krijgen in een deel van de uitkomsten van dit onderzoek. Ook de provincies Brabant, Limburg, Zeeland, Milieudefensie, de gemeentes Noord-Oost Polder, Boxtel en Haaren hebben dit geweigerd, zodat alleen EZ en de gaslobby nog om de tafel zitten….  Raden wat er uit dit literatuuronderzoekje komt?

Namens de Stichting “SchalieGASvrij Haaren”
http://www.schaliegasvrij-haaren.nl
Schaliegasvrij Nederland : https://www.schaliegasvrij.nl/

——————–
Kijk bij uitzending gemist en zie hoe Brandpunt het dieptepunt in de journalistiek bereikt. Wouter Kurpershoek en Dirk Kagenaar maken reclame voor schaliegas en minister Kamp speelt nog even een slim spelletje door te benadrukken dat hij het onafhankelijk onderzoek afwacht. Terwijl hij al zijn strategie klaar heeft? of vreest hij toch de waarheid?
http://brandpunt.kro.nl/seizoenen/2013/afleveringen/07-04-2013/fragmenten/de_schalierevolutie
of http://www.uitzendinggemist.nl/afleveringen/1336190

Nieuwsuur Dinsdag 25 juni: min. 27.40 – min. 41.30

————————————————————————————-
Two students have set up a website to inform people about legal aspects/possibilities with regards to shale gas

‘“Gas terug” is een website met als doel de verbetering van de informatievoorziening omtrent de juridische context van (schalie)gaswinning.

The environmental study (similar to our EPA report) is finished, submissions are put aside and the final discussion has taken place 17 June 2013.
Cuadrilla will start testdrilling in the Noord Oostpolder, next year. http://www.destentor.nl/regio/noordoostpolder/cuadrilla-klaar-voor-speurtocht-schaliegas-1.3727380

 55 Professors against shale gas
Hoogleraren –

http://www.trouw.nl/tr/nl/4332/Groen/article/detail/3463474/2013/06/22/Hoogleraren-Schaliegas-is-voor-Nederland-niet-interessant.dhtml

Proefboren naar schaliegas is wel degelijk nodighttp://www.trouw.nl/tr/nl/4332/Groen/article/detail/3463589/2013/06/22/TNO-proefboren-naar-schaliegas-is-wel-degelijk-nodig.dhtml

Cuadrilla will start testdrilling in the Noord Oostpolder, next year. http://www.destentor.nl/regio/noordoostpolder/cuadrilla-klaar-voor-speurtocht-schaliegas-1.3727380

Comment by the newsletter from the Netherlands...

Shale gas drilling company Cuadrilla Resources has gained George  Osbourne’s permission or ‘light touch regulation’ – no inspection of  plant, chemical analysis, leakage monitoring – only health and safety of workers on site. Self regulation apparently works in other fossil fuel industries?
See page 14 of Private Eye magazine. June 14th.

Also, the PR spokesperson for them (a Bell Pottinger lobbyist) admitted to Greenpeace in an interview that his comments to the ASA, among others, was ‘utter bullshit.’ Further, he said that prices would not be reduced for gas, this after the ASA ruled they had exaggerated claims
about proven, safe technology.
See page 5 of same magazine

 

——————————————————————–
Parts of Low Country Are Now Quake Country

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/27/world/europe/more-earthquakes-in-loppersum-the-netherlands.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0

Here’s interesting news from the Netherlands. A public discussion has started on earthquakes and soil subsidence generated by the rapid depletion of the Groningen gas field. This also may influence the discussion on shale gas.

Gas extraction started in the 70′s, and in the 80′s a series of small earthquakes occurred in this area, which was previously seismically inactive. Also subsidence occurred in this area, largely located at or below sea level and protected by dykes. The subsidence was foreseen and taken as a calculated risk,  but the a relation between the earthquakes and gas extraction was denied at first. Later, after a seismic study it was admitted that the quakes were related to gas extraction, but the quakes were said to remain below a magnitude of approximately 3.

Last summer several shocks occurred, the largest had a magnitude of 3.4, causing over a thousand damage reports in the area. Damage compensations is not generous and very bureaucratic.

This week a report was published by the State Mining Inspection, saying that the frequency and magnitude of the shocks will increase if the rate of gas extraction continues as it does at present. The Inspection advised to reduce the rate of gas extraction. The Minister of Economic Affairs, Mr. Kamp, decided not to follow the advice of his own mining inspection, saying that reduction of gas extraction would decrease state revenues substantially. Interestingly, when it comes to protests against shale gas, it is always said by the government that our top level mining inspection will prevent fracking companies from doing any harm to the environment.

Today the head of the local polder board warned in a radio interview that, with an increasing earthquake risk, also the dykes in the area are severly at risk. He painted a bleak scenario, with high water and water-saturated dykes, which would readily break when a quake of the predicted magnitude would occur. This would cause widespread flooding, including the area with gas wells, and the cities of Groningen and Delfzijl, the latter with large chemical industry complexes.

http://www.bnr.nl/nieuws/politiek/972292-1301/gaswinning-kan-leiden-tot-een-nationale-ramp?s_cid=blogitems

Shale Gas (probably) deposits in the Netherlands

Interesting Dutch news article.
It says that Heineken and other Dutch brewers are against shale gas exploration as long as it is not proven that it will not affect groundwater. Also Coca Cola en Pepsico are ‘sceptical’about drillings as long as guarantees for safety are not in place.

http://www.nu.nl/economie/3399879/bierbrouwers-keren-zich-schaliegaswinning.html

ANP: Trouw: Brouwers en bottelaars sluiten zich aan bijschaliegas-verzet
Date: Wed, 17 Apr 2013 09:04:51 +0200

http://www.trouw.nl/tr/nl/4332/Groen/article/detail/3427185/2013/04/17/Brouwers-en-bottelaars-sluiten-zich-aan-bij-schaliegas-verzet.dhtml

In English by Google translate: http://translate.google.ie/translate?sl=nl&tl=en&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&eotf=1&u=http://www.trouw.nl/tr/nl/4332/Groen/article/detail/3427185/2013/04/17/Brouwers-en-bottelaars-sluiten-zich-aan-bij-schaliegas-verzet.dhtml&authuser=0
Hans Marijnissen – 17/04/13, 08:41
© Trouw.
De grote bierbrouwers Heineken, Grolsch en Bavaria zijn tegen de winning van schaliegas zolang niet is bewezen dat het Nederlandse grondwater onaangetast blijft. Ook frisdrankfabrikanten als Coca Cola en Pepsico zeggen ‘sceptisch’ over de boringen te zijn, zolang veiligheidsgaranties ontbreken.*

The three brewers and coca cola and pepsico are sceptic to fracking

De bierbouwers en frisdrankfabrikanten omarmen hiermee de zorgen van waterleidingbedrijf Vitens, dat vorige week in Trouw waarschuwde dat bij boringen naar schaliegas de Nederlandse drinkwatervoorraden onherstelbaar beschadigd kunnen raken.

The brewers agree with the water supplier VITENS that warned the government that fracking could cause irreversible damage to the aquifer.

Bij een grootschalige calamiteit kan zelfs de levering van drinkwater in gevaar komen.

10.000′s people could be affected/have no water for a long period, if a catastrophe happened

Tienduizenden mensen komen dan langdurig zonder water te zitten.

Underground water is the most important ingredient for Beer and Soft drinks
Grondwater vormt het belangrijkste ingrediënt voor bier en frisdrank. De
bescherming van het grondwater is voor ons daarom een absolute prioriteit, aldus Taco Juriaanse van Nederlandse Brouwers, waarbij nagenoeg alle bierfabrikanten zijn aangesloten. “Schaliegaswinning en andere activiteiten in de bodem mogen geen aantasting van het grondwater tot gevolg hebben. Zolang dat niet is bewezen, zien we de winning van schaliegas met zorg tegemoet.”

De Nederlandse vereniging Frisdranken, Waters, Sappen (FWS) onder Leiding van ex-milieu-staatssecretaris Van Geel, laat zich in dezelfde bewoordingen uit. “Schaliegaswinning en andere activiteiten in de bodem mogen geen verontreiniging van het grondwater tot gevolg hebben. Zolang dat niet is bewezen, zijn we sceptisch over de winning van schaliegas”, aldus een woordvoerder. Naast Coca-Cola en Pepsico zijn grote spelers als Hero, FrieslandCampina en Danone bij de FWS aangesloten.

*Fracken*
Om bij het schaliegas te komen, moet door de watervoerende aardlagen heen worden geboord. Deze lagen staan vaak met elkaar in verbinding. Bij winning van schaliegas worden op grote diepte, onder hoge druk grote hoeveelheden water, zand en chemicaliën in steenlagen gespoten. Door dit zogeheten fracken ontstaan scheurtjes waaruit het gas vrijkomt.

Mocht daarbij iets mis gaan, dan is de verontreiniging van de Nederlandse watervoorraad een ‘onomkeerbaar proces’, aldus topvrouw Lieve Declercq van Vitens, Nederlands grootste waterleverancier, vorige week in Trouw. Het waterbedrijf vindt net als de brouwers en de risdrankfabrikanten dan ook dat er niet naar schaliegas moet worden geboord, voordat alle risico’s in kaart zijn gebracht en calamiteiten uitgesloten.

De Rijksoverheid heeft al meerdere opsporingsvergunningen voor onconventionele fossiele brandstoffen’ afgegeven, die ook voorzien in proefboringen. Zo liggen er vergunningen klaar voor de Noordoostpolder en het Brabantse Boxtel. Daarnaast zijn er aanvragen gedaan voor vergunningen in Noord-Holland, Utrecht, Flevoland en Gelderland. Er geldt echter een boorverbod totdat er een onderzoek is verschenen dat in opdracht van het ministerie van economische zaken is uitgevoerd naar de risico’s. Dat wordt vóór 1 juli verwacht.

Het debat over schaliegas in de Tweede Kamer dat vandaag zou worden gehouden, is in verband met het sociaal akkoord uitgesteld tot volgende
week.

The debate about shale gas that should take place today is postponed to next week

Ook na historische overeenkomst duurt verdeeldheid over schaliegas voorthttp://www.trouw.nl/tr/nl/4332/Groen/article/detail/3417074/2013/03/28/Ook-na-historische-overeenkomst-duurt-verdeeldheid-over-schaliegas-voort.dhtml

———————————————————————-
Last Tuesday  19th Feb. 2013 TNO, a Dutch research organisation, launched an ‘argument map for shale gas production’ at the European Parliament. Below the press release from the event.

According to a Dutch campaigner, TNO is “a contract research organisation desperately claiming to be independent”. It also features on the Shale Gas Information Platform. http://www.shale-gas-information-platform.org/areas/the-debate/shale-gas-in-the-netherlands.html

TNO wants to support a robust transition to a sustainable energy supply and, to this end, TNO invests in environmentally-friendly alternatives as well as commits to the optimum and as green as possible use of fossil fuels in this transition to sustainable solutions. This is in line with the Energy Council’s recommendation. So as a relatively green fossil fuel, gas is a key TNO focus.

URL: http://www.tno.nl/content.cfm?context=overtno&content=persbericht&laag1=37&item_id=201302190007

Voorlopig geenproefboringen naar steenkool gas in Oost Nederland – http://www.trouw.nl/tr/nl/4332/Groen/article/detail/3036740/2011/11/16/Voorlopig-geen-proefboringen-naar-steenkoolgas-in-Oost-Nederland.dhtml

The test drilling for coal gas in the eastern Netherlands are provisionally put on the back burner. The Australian firm Queensland Gas Company has for some unknown reason exploration license revoked for Gelderland and Overijssel, as the Ministry of Economy, Agriculture and Innovation announced.

The Gelderland provincial executive Annemieke Slow (D66) called the decision a godsend for the people and the environment. The Gelderland Environmental Federation hopes that the plans for similar drilling for shale gas in Noord-Brabant are now lied on the table

Drilling for coal and shale gas has been controversial because experience in other countries indicate major risks to the environment. Thus, during examination of the American Cornell University it was recently proved  that the extraction of shale large amounts of methane released. Methane is one of the most powerful greenhouse gases. The Rhine and IJssel Water Board is concerned that the coal gas drilling to the water table changes and is contaminated by radioactive particles.

It is not yet known whether other companies the concession of Queensland Gas Company to undertake. The Gelderland Environmental Federation believes that in any case become less attractive than before, now became widely visible public opposition.

Factsheet from the Environmental Defence: Factsheet Milieudefensie over Schaliegas September 2011- Risico’s onconventioneel aardgas.1

Do scroll to the bottom for lots of useful links, also in English!

Recommendations to update existing mining legislation for

unconventional gas extraction (translated from factsheet)

Recent reports presented to President Barack Obama in the United States[1]

and to the European parliament[2]

recommend adapting the regulations for oil and gas drilling to the new

situation.

The following recommendations, despite the strict regulations are also

applicable for Ireland:

  • To prohibit the injection of (some) chemicals deep underground so that it remains suitable for other uses, such as geothermal energy (geothermal power generation).
  • To completely and timely publish the type and quantity of chemicals used.
  • To license residual contaminated process water in the subsoil.
  • To check the quality of groundwater before, during and after.
  • To take mandatory micro-seismic surveys to the direction and magnitude of the “fracks” in order to control and prevent earthquakes.
  • To enlarge a mining compensation fund for potential earthquakes, methane leakages and contamination of groundwater.
  • To mandatory monitor underground and mining installations for  methane emissions
  • To implement a water management plan to minimize the use of water.
  • To outline the trajectory of the horizontal bore in the license
  • To establish a Best Available Technique Reference
  • To make a Life Cycle Analysis
  • To use to electric motors (instead of diesel generators) for fracking.
  • To naming sites (Special Areas of Conservation, water extraction) where oil rigs and / or drilling is prohibited.

[1]    US subcommittee of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board (SEAB),

“The SEAB Shale Gas Production         Subcommittee Ninety-Day

Report”, 11 August 2011,

[2]    Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy and

Ludwig-Bölkow-Systemtechnik GmbH, report onbehalf of the European

Parliament’s Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, “Impacts

of shalegas and shale oil

extraction on the environment and on human health”, 25 June 2011,<This link does not exist any longer   http://www.europarl.europa.eu/activities/committees/studies/download.do?language=en&file=41771  >

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/portal/en

Shale gas why  not? Pro’s and con’s – VPRO tegenlicht (Dutch television)  and much more articles

http://tegenlicht.vpro.nl/nieuws/energie/2011/schaliegaswaaromniet.html

 

 Earthquake in the Netherlands due to HF in Germany – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=29PhINNiR5U

http://www.gelderlander.nl/voorpagina/nijmegen/9443742/Aardbeving-van-45-op-schaal-van-Richter-schokt-Nederland.ece

http://www.nu.nl/binnenland/2610837/aardbeving-van-45-in-nederland.html

 

Judgment: no test drilling to shale gas in Boxtel – http://www.brabantsdagblad.nl/regios/9740837/Voorlopig-geen-proefboring-schaliegas-Boxtel.ece

Official court judgment – Uitspraak__2173189a

Google translation:

DEN BOSCH – For the moment in the town of Boxtel can not be drilled to shale gas. The administrative court in Den Bosch decided Tuesday that the city could not grant a temporary exemption to allow drilling.

The case was brought by residents and by Rabobank The bank has in the vicinity of the bores a significant data center. The bank found that the municipality Boxtel couldnot  grant a temporary exemption because the exploratory drilling is by definition not temporary. If gas is found, the aim is gas extraction. The judge joined in with this.

A temporary exemption from the zoning should only be granted if the activities within 5 years are definitely stopped.De court ordered the Boxtel to make a new decision. The municipality may appeal to the Council of State. The company Cuadrilla who will perform the test drilling, was intending to start with the drilling in early 2012

Shale gas is blowing up our ground and our health.http://www.hetkanwel.net/2011/09/28/schaliegas-blaast-onze-grond-en-onze-gezondheid-op/

Gaswinning -  http://ubuntuone.com/6GKo5UwxuPQ06LWZsqB0CI  (Febr. 2012)

——————————————————————————-
Here’s interesting news from the Netherlands. A public discussion has started on earthquakes and soil subsidence generated by the rapid depletion of the Groningen gas field. This also may influence the discussion on shale gas.

Gas extraction started in the 70′s, and in the 80′s a series of small earthquakes occurred in this area, which was previously seismically inactive. Also subsidence occurred in this area, largely located at or below sea level and protected by dykes. The subsidence was foreseen and taken as a calculated risk,  but the a relation between the earthquakes and gas extraction was denied at first. Later, after a seismic study it was admitted that the quakes were related to gas extraction, but the quakes were said to remain below a magnitude of approximately 3.

Last summer several shocks occurred, the largest had a magnitude of 3.4, causing over a thousand damage reports in the area. Damage compensations is not generous and very bureaucratic.

This week a report was published by the State Mining Inspection, saying that the frequency and magnitude of the shocks will increase if the rate of gas extraction continues as it does at present. The Inspection advised to reduce the rate of gas extraction. The Minister of Economic Affairs, Mr. Kamp, decided not to follow the advice of his own mining inspection, saying that reduction of gas extraction would decrease state revenues substantially. Interestingly, when it comes to protests against shale gas, it is always said by the government that our top level mining inspection will prevent fracking companies from doing any harm to the environment.

Today the head of the local polder board warned in a radio interview that, with an increasing earthquake risk, also the dykes in the area are severly at risk. He painted a bleak scenario, with high water and water-saturated dykes, which would readily break when a quake of the predicted magnitude would occur. This would cause widespread flooding, including the area with gas wells, and the cities of Groningen and Delfzijl, the latter with large chemical industry complexes.

http://www.bnr.nl/nieuws/politiek/972292-1301/gaswinning-kan-leiden-tot-een-nationale-ramp?s_cid=blogitems

Dubieus Dubai - http://ubuntuone.com/7g3kgHnjQqjrTMWknoJIyA (Febr. 2012)
GERMANY
back to top

http://www.unkonventionelle-gasfoerderung.de/bekannte-foerderorte/

 

3Legs

Corporate-update-21-Jan-20141

the German Federal State of Baden-Württemberg (led by the Greens!!!!) has – shortly before Christmas - prolonged the concession for Parkyn Energy Ltd. (a daughter of 3Legs http://www.3legsresources.com/about-us/introduction/)   for the exploration of shale gas in the Bodensee region (Lake Constance: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Constance).

Local NGO’s (BUND / Friends of the Earth) and Austrian officials are outraged. What makes the scandal even bigger is, that we’ve offered the Green-led government / environmental agency in Baden-Württemberg every legal option which exists in order to not prolong the concession. Nonetheless, they’ve refused to follow our legal opinion (a legal opinion which has led – unter a CDU/FDP-government in Hesse – to the first denial of an exploration license in Germany).

We have also warned the Green-led government in Baden-Württemberg, that 3Legs has announced officially, that the company will sell the concessions as soon as possible. And exactly this did happen now (see down below).

This case

1. is a scandal because of the mysterious lack of power to act by the Greens in Baden-Württemberg;
2. shows us very clear the speculative financial side of the business (i.e. it is not always about the drilling itself but also about getting concessions for nothing and selling them for good money).

Press Release

21-January-2014

Completion of acquisition of two hydrocarbon licences in Germany

Rose Petroleum (“Rose”) (formerly VANE Minerals), the AIM-listed (Ticker: ROSE) natural resources company, is pleased to announce the completion of its purchase of the entire issued share capital of Parkyn Energy Holdings plc (the “Acquisition”), which in turn owns 100% of Parkyn Energy Germany ltd, the sole owner of two hydrocarbon licences in southwestern Germany, further details of which were announced on 5 August 2013 (the “Licences”).
Under the terms of the Acquisition, which has been completed, Rose has acquired a 100% interest in the two concessions covering over 635,000 acres for 400,000. In addition, the Licences are subject to a 2% overriding royalty interest (ORRI) in favour of 3Legs Resources plc of gross sales of hydrocarbons less certain costs, plus a 0.5% ORRI to the original finder.
Matthew Idiens, CEO, said, “This announcement heralds Rose as a new petroleum company with exciting assets familiar to our experienced in-house technical team. Fortunately, as the licenses appear to have both conventional and unconventional targets, this will allow us to progress the conventional plays until the regulatory environment becomes clearer on unconventional plays. This is an exciting moment for the Company and we look forward to updating our shareholders with progress.”
The Licences
The Konstanz and Biberach licences in southwestern Germany (state of Baden-Württemberg), are located within the large Molasse Basin and contain both conventional and unconventional petroleum plays. Several conventional Oil & Gas fields exist in the Molasse Basin.
The Konstanz licence covers an area of 369,863 acres and has significant historic data available, including two oilfields and two deep wells in the area, which have enabled the identification of four main targets: (a) shale oil in Tertiary black shales (Schöneck shales); (b) shale oil in Lower Jurassic (Posidonienschiefer) black shales; (c) shale gas in Early Permian (Autunian) black shales; and (d) tight gas in Upper Carboniferous (Stephanian) sandstones. All of these targets can be tested with a single borehole. All the shale sections have been sampled and show promising geochemical, maturity and petrological properties.
The Biberach licence covers an area of 266,073 acres and has less historic data than the first area, but the directors of Rose believe that it has similar target zones: (a) shale oil in Tertiary black shales (Schoeneck shales); (b) shale oil in Lower Jurassic Posidonienschiefer black shales; and (c) possibly shale gas and tight gas from Early Permian & Upper Carboniferous formations. Additional seismic data will be required to confirm the targets. Two conventional oilfields exist as separate permits in this licence area, owned by a third party. Geochemical studies have shown that the conventional Oil & Gas fields in the area were charged by the Lower Jurassic and, probably, the Tertiary black shales. The deeper Paleozoic shales are efficiently sealed by Upper Paleozoic and Triassic rocks.
Steven D. Van Nort, MS Geology, Director Rose Petroleum plc, who meets the criteria of a qualified person under the AIM Rules – Note for Mining and Oil & Gas Companies, has reviewed and approved the technical information contained within this announcement.


 

Germany shelves fracking draft law - http://www.news24.com/Green/News/Germany-shelves-fracking-draft-law-20130604
In German: www.spiegel.de/politik/deutschland/fracking-gesetzentwurf-der-regierung-gescheitert-a-903767.html

Germany puts fracking on back burner - http://www.thelocal.de/sci-tech/20130605-50115.html

Council of Environmental Experts – Fracking of no avail for the Energiewende
the German Council of Environmental Experts says in a
short-study/statement that fracking is of no avail for the
“Energiewende”. This paper comes right on time. Unfortunately they do
propose further research (including drilling) concerning fracking.

        http://www.tagesschau.de/inland/fracking150.html

One interesting legal aspect in the statement is the reference to the
“precautionary principle”

Bundesregierung will Fracking erlauben
„Ich halte das im Augenblick nicht für vertretbar“ – so äußerte sich Bundesumweltminister Altmaier am Mittwoch zum Fracking in Deutschland. Und doch: Die schwarz-gelbe Koalition hat sich auf einen Gesetzesentwurf geeinigt, der die Fördertechnik fast überall in Deutschland ermöglichen soll.
Nach erheblichem Widerstand in den eigenen Reihen haben sich Union und FDP zwar dazu durchringen können, das Einzugsgebiet großer Trinkwasserseen besser zu schützen, aber ein „faktisches Moratorium”, wie von Herrn Altmaier behauptet, ist nicht in Sicht.
Im Gegenteil: Eine Studie des Bergbau- und Umweltjuristen Dirk Teßmer kommt zu dem Schluss, dass der Entwurf in seiner bisherigen Fassung gegenüber der bestehenden Rechtslage kaum eine Erschwerung für solche Bohr-Vorhaben bringt. Dies entspricht auch dem Willen der EU-Kommission, deren Energiekommissar Günther Oettinger erklärter Fracking-Befürworter ist.

Unterstützen Sie unsere Aktion „Fracking verbieten!” und fordern Sie ein generelles Verbot für die unkonventionelle Erdgasförderung in Deutschland.

Germany update
Thanks to Andy

Dear all,

the Hessian Environment Minister, Lucia Puttrich (CDU), has announced
today, that the mining authority has dispatched the adverse decision
concerning the request of BNK Deutschland GmbH (permission of the
exploration license for shale-gas in North-Hessia). The company has a
timeline of four weeks to sue against the decision.

Explanation of the rejection:
- Fracking is neither environmentally nor economically sustainable in
the requested field. The PREDOMINANT PUBLIC INTEREST (i.e. nature
protection, landscape maintenance, water protection, regional/spatial
planning) outweighs in the requested field.

Legal basis of the decision:
- German mining law in connection with planning law.

This decision is contrary to all the decisions made by mining
authorities throughout Germany and it creates a precedent which
questions all the other rash decisions made in the other federal
states. Thus, we are more than happy that the political decision makers
followed our legal opinion, which was a quite exotic one to this very
way. It is worth mentioning that the current Hessian government is
being build by CDU/FDP.

Nonetheless this doesn’t mean that a legal moratorium exists now for
all of Hessia. A corresponding application of SPD/Grüne was rejected by
CDU/FDP on the same day. We’ll see what will follow.

Fracking in unkonventionellen Erdgas-Lagerstatten in NRWhttp://ubuntuone.com/4sd8qSHuLHNnRDuLIHxPN1

and more: http://www.umwelt.nrw.de/ministerium/presse/presse_aktuell/presse120907_a.php

Short Federal study in English -  http://ubuntuone.com/6SehYplG1F84JIMWR06RNZ

Studies related to HF and the impact on the environment, tourism, etc. (9 Sept 2012)
Exxon Mobile Vor studie – http://ubuntuone.com/4TPLxHBGFetXMaI6LPQHGp

First there is the Exxon-financed study of scientist who have not been “in touch” with
the oil and gas extracting companies/industry before, which is the reason why Exxon
claims that this study can regarded as independent. At least it comes to the result that
the fracking technology cannot be seen as harmless and that further research and
clarification is necessary before fracking can be used in Germany on a wider scale.
http://dialog-erdgasundfrac.de/sites/dialog-erdgasundfrac.de/files/Ex_HydrofrackingRiskAssessment_120611.pdf

Second there is the federal study of the “Umweltbundesamt” issued three days ago which
might go unnoticed because the expectations all focussed on the NRW study. But indeed it might also be helpful for your activities in Ireland as the scientists refer to EU law which is above national law and cannot just be neglected in Ireland.
http://www.bmu.de/files/pdfs/allgemein/application/pdf/gutachten_fracking_2012.pdf

There is even an abstract in English included:
Abstract
We examine the water-related environmental impacts and the risks for human health and the environment that could potentially be caused by hydraulic fracturing (fracking) during exploration and exploitation of unconventional natural gas reservoirs in Germany. This
study covers both scientific-technical aspects and the existing mining and environmental regulations. Both were analyzed with respect to consistency, differences and current gaps of knowledge and lack of relevant information.
After a general introduction, this study is divided into four sections: We first focus on the description of geospatial conditions, technical aspects and the chemical additives employed by hydraulic fracturing (Part A) and the existing regulatory and administrative framework (Part B), before we conduct a risk and deficit analysis (Part C) and derive recommendations for further actions and proceedings (Part
The foundation of a sound risk analysis is a description of the current system, the relevant effect pathways and their interactions. We describe known and assumed unconventional natural gas reservoirs in Germany based on publicly available information. We present
qualitatively the relevant system interactions for selected geosystems and assess potential technical and geological effect pathways. With regard to the technical aspects, we describe the principles of rock mechanics and provide an overview of the technical fracturing process. In terms of groundwater protection, the key focus is on borehole completion, modelling of fracture propagation and the longterm
stability of the borehole (incl. cementation). The injected fracturing fluids contain proppants and several additional chemical additives. The evaluation of fracturing fluids used to
date in Germany shows that even in newer fluids several additives were used which exhibit critical properties and/or for which an assessment of their behaviour and effects in the environment is not possible or limited due to lack of the underlying database. We propose an assessment method which allows for the estimation of the hazard potential of specific fracturing fluids, formation water and the flowback based on legal thresholds and guidance values as well as on human- and ecotoxicologically derived no-effect concentrations. The assessment of five previously used or prospectively planed fracturing fluids shows that these selected fluids exhibit a high or a medium to high hazard potential.
The flowback redrawn after the pressure release contains fracturing fluids, formation water, and possibly reaction products. Since the formation water can also exhibit serious hazard potentials, environmentally responsible techniques for the treatment and disposal of the flowback is of primary importance. With respect to groundwater protection, regulatory requirements result from both the mining and the water law. The water law requires the examination, whether concerns can be excluded that hydraulic fracturing and the disposal of flowback may cause adverse groundwater effects. This requires a separate authorization according to the water law. Due to the primacy of the environmental impact assessment directive (EIA Directive, “UVP-Richtlinie”) over the national EIA mining regulation (“UVP V-Bergbau”) it has already to be assessed in a case-by-case examination, whether an environmental impact assessment is required. The previous administrative practices thus exhibit certain lack of enforcement.
Regulatory deficits exist concerning the application of the requirements of the EIA Directive and concerning some uncertainties in applying specific terms of the water law (groundwater, requirement of and conditions for authorization). We recommend constituting a mandatory environmental impact assessment for all fracking projects in federal law, with a derogation clause for the federal states. The public participation required in the EIA Directive should be extended by a project-accompanying component to improve public access to the assessment of knowledge that is generated after the initial authorization of the project. The examination of the legal requirements should be ensured by clarification and revision of an integrated authorization procedure under the auspices of an environmental authority subordinated to the Ministry of the Environment or by an integration of the mining authority in the environmental administration.
A risk analysis is always site-specific, but must also consider large-scale groundwater flow conditions, which generally requires numerical models. We provide considerations for application of a site-specific generic risk analysis, which integrate both the hazard potential of the fluids and the specific relevance of each effect pathways in the geosystem.
In summary we conclude that basic knowledge and data are currently missing preventing a profound assessment of the risks and their technical controllability (e.g., the properties of the deep geosystem, the behaviour and effects of the deployed chemical additives, etc.).
In this setting we propose several recommendations for further action, which we specify for each of the aspects geosystem, technical guidelines and chemical additives.

Third there is the NRW study now: (see top of this article)
The essential thing seems to be that there is a strategy implied to delay the endeavours of all those companies who want to start drilling and test-fracking as soon as possible. The study suggests that if at all the procedure must be organised in steps at the end of which the open question has to be answered if and possibly how the following step might look like.

Furthermore the study seems to deal with all the known risk thoroughly.
With this study in hand the NRW government can now postpone drilling application
which include fracking activities on a legally safe basis.

 

Naturfreunde – ShalegasEN
BELGIUM
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Good news from Belgium where we have our first gas free community after residents collected enough signatures to get the motion put on the local council agenda.
It’s a symbolic act, in that the planning decisions are taken on a regional level, but it gives a clear signal that coal bed methane drilling is not welcome in the area, and we hope that it will encourage people to do the same in their municipalities.

————————————-
No good news once again, unfortunately: Shell has just announced today they were planning to start exploring Belgian potential.
You can see a few articles below that refer to this announcement. It’s all in Dutch but Google Translation works quite well.

http://www.standaard.be/artikel/detail.aspx?artikelid=DMF20130206_00459330&word=schaliegas

http://www.demorgen.be/dm/nl/996/Economie/article/detail/1574684/2013/02/06/Shell-opent-jacht-op-Belgisch-schaliegas.dhtml

Update by Friends of the Earth Belgium
Last year we found out that Australian cbm company DART energy had got together with regional investor LRM to investigate coal bed methane potential in Flanders. Since then, things have been fairly quiet on the planning front, but LRM finally submitted an application for a coal bed methane exploration license at the end of last month.

We got hold of a copy of the coal bed methane exploration license application yesterday, following freedom of information requests, with fairly big commercially sensitive chunks cut out.
And today we hear that Shell and some of the other shale gas big boys are interested in exploring the shale gas potential in Flanders and also in Liege, Wallony, which has stepped everything up a level, as until now it was only coal bed methane and continued promises of no fracking, and relatively small players with a 10million budget, while Shell is talking 100million and taking the front page on one the biggest selling broadsheets.

It is also interesting because in Flanders the government proactively passed a law specifically to cover unconventional gas drilling developments, the deep underground decree, which came into force in 2011, while in Wallony any licensing will be happening under previous legislation.

Timescale wise they are talking about initial exploration permits being requested after they’ve completed their desktop research, which they estimate will take four to six months.

Apparently there are only two questions to answer : where the best places to drill, and how much money they can make out of it. Everything is being framed in terms of potential, which has to be explored, rather than whether we want this technology at all.

So there is a lot of work to do. (Er is veel werk aan de winkel!)
Friends of the Earth Flanders and Brussels is asking for a ban on unconventional gas exploration and an open and public debate about the issue.

We’d like to hear especially from other groups opposing Shell and Wintershall (German company owned  by BASF) and Cuadrilla, the other shale gas companies mentioned in the article. It seems that another seven companies have expressed an interest, and asked for geological sampling to be done, but we need to do some more research first to work out who they are.

Nicola Freeman, Stop Steenkoolgas Campaign Coordinator

Friends of the Earth Flanders & Brussels
www.friendsoftheearth.be
www.facebook.com/StopSteenkoolgas

UK
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Fracking map of the UK  taken from: – http://energybulletin.net/stories/2011-10-11/fracking-and-coalbed-methane-unconventional-gas-uk

SCOTLAND
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See our press release below regarding Dart ENergy’s attempts to gag FoES Director Richard Dixon. (September 2013)

From: Friends of the Earth Scotland Press Office <media@foe-scotland.org.uk>
Subject: DART ENERGY CLIMB-DOWN ON LEGAL THREAT TO FRIENDS OF THE EARTH SCOTLAND DIRECTOR
Date: 17 September 2013 17:23:36 BST
To: Helle <hhang@foe-scotland.org.uk>
Reply-To: Friends of the Earth Scotland Press Office <media@foe-scotland.org.uk>

Friends of the Earth Scotland Media Release
For immediate use:  17th September 2013

DART ENERGY CLIMB-DOWN ON LEGAL THREAT TO FRIENDS OF THE EARTH SCOTLAND DIRECTOR

A threat of legal action to restrict the freedom of speech of Scotland’s leading environmental campaign group director, Dr Richard Dixon, has today ended in a massive climb-down by the Australian company Dart Energy.

Dr Richard Dixon was asked to stop tweeting about the organisation and threatened with legal action if he did not sign a letter that stated he would: take no involvement with any consultation to do with Dart’s activities, remove tweets from his twitter feed relating to Dart and refrain from posting any further comments about Dart’s activities.

Dart cites Dr Dixon’s role as a SEPA board member as a conflict of interest as it awaits a decision from the Scottish Government about its’ plans. Dr Dixon always declares an interest at SEPA board meetings if there is an agenda item related to an active campaign of Friends of the Earth Scotland.

Reacting to a letter received today from Dart Energy which thanked the Director of Friends of the Earth Scotland for his reply and stated that they would no longer be pursuing legal action, Dr Richard Dixon said:

“It’s a pretty scary experience to be faced with legal action from a multi-million pound company. This attempt to gag my comments has back-fired and instead it has brought the issues relating to fracking and coal bed methane extraction in Scotland to a larger audience.

“Today I received a letter from Dart which was a climb-down on their previous correspondence and stated that since I was tweeting on behalf of Friends of the Earth Scotland they would not pursue the matter further.

“Many more people have now learnt about our campaign and opposition to their proposals for coal bed methane extraction than if they had never got in touch threatening me with legal action.

“This is an embarrassing climb-down for Dart and a victory for campaigners everywhere, Friends of the Earth Scotland and also freedom of speech.”

ENDS

 

Comment on article below – fracking exclusion zones – scotland – bans- free zones
List of fracking exclusion zones_AndyGheorghiu

August 2013

HSBC have frozen Dart Energy’s loan facility due to delays with the Airth coal bed methane project in Scotland – Dart’s global flagship project.

“Tranche A was structured with the expectation that the PEDL 133 project would be approved in a reasonable timeframe. As noted, this has not been the case, despite significant contingency being allowed. As a result of this delay the current “look-forward NPV” does not include a significant portion of the expected project revenues, Tranche A having been structured with a firm end date to the calculation period. Availability under Tranche A has thus currently reduced to nil. Consequently, the US$7m previously drawn is presently offset by US$7m of cash held by Dart with HSBC, in a restricted account, and will remain so until the timing of PEDL 133 is resolved following the process outlined above, at which point a negotiation with HSBC to restructure the facility can be concluded.” (http://data.iguana2.com/hemscott/news-item?N=751048&Code=DTE)

Dart appealed to the Scottish Government for a decision on its application for 22 CBM wells in June, a process which standardly takes 6 months, but in complex cases like this can take much longer. Dart’s restructuring update notes that a date has been fixed for “early October” to decide the timescale and scope of the public inquiry, but the Department for Planning and Energy Appeals confirmed this morning that a date had not been fixed and in fact the timescale had slipped for this first meeting into the second half of October at the earliest.

The community is very strongly opposed to Dart’s plans at Airth, and the Scottish Government have made proposals for buffer zones between gas sites and communities that could make it very difficult for Dart Energy’s plans to progress. Dart are clearly getting anxious and have been accusing campaigners including FoES, and the community, of misinformation and scare tactics. We are planning our engagement with the public inquiry and working to support the local community however we can, and pushing the Government to strengthen proposals on buffer zones.

Dart also have plan for CBM at Canonbie near the Scottish / English border. We held a public meeting there this week which was very well attended and it is clear there is strong local opposition to the plans, complicated however by the fact that many locals are tenants of the local landowner – Buccleuch Estates – which is working in partnership with Dart.

Dart Energy are the leading unconventional gas player in Scotland.  A Sunday Herald investigation on the weekend revealed that the calorific content of the gas from their flagship Airth coal bed methane project is too poor to feed directly into the grid. It seems as though they will have to boost it by adding propane, which will damage profit margins and make the project even more unpopular with locals.

Story below plus links to coverage of Dart’s financial woes and misleading public re fracking.
cheers

http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/environment/revealed-secret-scots-fracking-plans.20661744

http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/home-news/burning-issue-poor-gas-quality-could-end-scots-drilling-plan.20723754
http://www.heraldscotland.com/mobile/business/company-news/dart-energy-scraps-ipo-and-sheds-jobs.20683286
———————————————————————————————
Controversial gas developer Dart Energy fights to stay afloat
reporter Mary Church

02 April 2013
Dart Energy, the leading unconventional gas developer in Scotland, has cut 70% of its global workforce in an effort to stay afloat as the company’s share price continues to plummet.

In a statement issued today (2 April) the troubled Australian company announced an aggressive strategy to cut costs that includes slashing over 100 jobs, suspending operations in New South Wales and re-focusing its efforts on coalbed methane and shale projects in the UK.

Dart’s share prices have lost a third of their value in the last 6 months, and are today trading at a low of 6 cents.

Friends of the Earth Scotland Campaigns Co-ordinator Mary Church said:

“Dart Energy have been in rough waters for some time and this looks like the last desperate moves of a company that is about to go under.

“It is ironic that the company are telling Australian shareholders that their fracking and coalbed methane plans in the UK will save them, given that their proposals at Airth are deeply controversial and the planning decision has already been delayed twice.

“Communities living near Dart’s development at Airth will wonder whether this company is really up to the job of delivering the controversial coalbed methane project, and particularly whether they will be around in the coming years to deal with the clean up if anything goes wrong.”

The news comes following allegations that Dart are misleading the public or shareholders about its plans to frack for shale gas in central Scotland. Dart Energy told the Australian Stock Exchange that they plan to exploit shale gas in central Scotland while telling communities and planning officials in Scotland that they have no plans to frack.

Church continued:

“Yet again Dart are telling international investors that they will frack for shale gas, while telling Scottish communities that they will not. Dart cannot get away with this kind of duplicity.”

Dart Energy has had to suspend its activities at Fullerton Cove in Australia following the New South Wales Government introducing a ban on all unconventional gas activity within 2km of residential areas. The development faced strong community opposition and was recently the subject of a legal battle. If a similar ban were in place in Scotland Dart’s development at Airth could not go ahead.

Friends of the Earth Scotland are calling for a ban on all unconventional gas extraction and fracking because of its devastating impacts on the climate and local environment.

AUSTRIA
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omv boss: “In Austria, shale gas off the table”
http://translate.google.ie/translate?sl=de&tl=en&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&u=http://derstandard.at/1371169758845/Chat-mit-OMV-Chef-Gerhard-Roiss&authuser=0

OMV-Chef: “In Österreich ist Schiefergas vom Tisch”
http://derstandard.at/1371169758845/Chat-mit-OMV-Chef-Gerhard-Roiss

DENMARK
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2012.01.22_Obstacles to Danish Wind Power_NYTimes1

Read also:

http://www.naturalgaseurope.com/denmark-hoping-for-shale-gas-4588

Comment:

That’s indeed quite an interesting (though disappointing) article,

especially after the wave of articles that what written recently about

the Danish government’s will to “generate half the nation’s power from

wind within eight years”…

26 th October 2012: Information about the current situation on shale gas in Denmark (in Danish):
http://frederikshavn.dk/Sider/Skifergas.aspx?topemne=9746ec49-3fc4-49f6-b97e-6af0721e2212&emne=4827400e-296f-426b-b322-75760ece0eab
Signatures are being collected (both on paper and electronically) to be send to Frederikshaven Municipality, where Total recently received permission to drill two water wells, which will support the exploration process.

More links:
http://www.skifergasnejtak.dk/

http://www.skifergas.dk/en.aspx

FRANCE
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VICTORIE

Le Conseil Constitutionnel
Vu, vu, vu vu…….
D É C I D E :

Article 1er.- Les articles 1er et 3 de la loi n° 2011-835 du 13 juillet 2011 visant à interdire l’exploration et l’exploitation des mines d’hydrocarbures liquides ou gazeux par fracturation hydraulique et à abroger les permis exclusifs de recherches comportant des projets ayant recours à cette technique sont conformes à la Constitution.

Article 2.- La présente décision sera publiée au Journal officiel de la République française et notifiée dans les conditions prévues à l’article 23-11 de l’ordonnance du 7 novembre 1958 susvisée.

Délibéré par le Conseil constitutionnel dans sa séance du 10 octobre 2013, où siégeaient : M. Jean-Louis DEBRÉ, Président, M. Jacques BARROT, Mmes Claire BAZY MALAURIE, Nicole BELLOUBET, MM. Guy CANIVET, Michel CHARASSE, Renaud DENOIX de SAINT MARC, Hubert HAENEL et Mme Nicole MAESTRACCI.

Rendu public le 11 octobre 2013.
Quick translation in English

The Constitutional Council was seized July 12, 2013 by the State Council as a priority issue of constitutionality raised by the Schuepbach Energy LLC. This issue was related to compliance with the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution of Articles 1 and 3 of Law No. 2011-835 of 13 July 2011 to ban the exploration and exploitation of liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons mines by hydraulic fracking and to repeal the exclusive licenses with projects using this technique.

The applicant company criticized these measures as contrary to equality before the law and freedom of enterprise, as infringing the guarantee of rights and the right to property and as contrary to the principles enshrined in Articles 5 and 6 of the Environmental Charter.

The Constitutional Council rejected these four series of complaints and judged the contested provisions of law of 13 July 2011 in accordance with the Constitution:

The Constitutional Council noted that prohibiting the use of hydraulic fracking search or exploit hydrocarbons in the national territory, the legislator intended to prevent the risks that this process of exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons is likely to represent for the environment. The legislator considered that the fracking of the rock which they are used to stimulate the flow of water in geothermal reservoirs does not present the same risks to the environment and he heard not hinder the development of exploitation of the geothermal resource. The Constitutional Council ruled that the difference in treatment between the two processes of hydraulic fracturing of the rock (for hydrocarbons on the one hand and geothermal other) is directly related to the purpose of the law that the established. It thus rejected the claim alleging breach of the equality principle.

The Constitutional Council also rejected the claim alleging disregard of the freedom of enterprise. He ruled that prohibiting the use of drilling hydraulic followed by fracking for all the research and exploitations of hydrocarbons, which are subject to an system of administrative authorizations, the legislator has prosecuted a goal of general interest of environmental protection. The Council concluded that the restriction on both research and the exploitation of hydrocarbons does not assume, in the state of knowledge and techniques, is disproportionate in relation to the objective pursued.

The Constitutional Council rejected the complaints relating to the ignorance of the guarantee of rights and the right to property. He judged that to repeal exploration permits when their holders have not complied the reporting requirements or reported use or proposed use of drilling followed by hydraulic fracturing, the legislator has drawn the consequences new prohibitions on technical procedures for research and therefore does not infringe a situation legally acquired. The Council finally  noted that the authorizations in mining research granted in defined perimeters and for a limited time by the administrative authority can not be treated as goods, objects of right to property for their holders. Accordingly, the impugned provisions do not involve deprivation of property in contrary to the Constitution conditions.

The Constitutional Council has already had occasion to rule that Article 6 of the Environmental Charter does not establish a right or freedom guaranteed by the Constitution and, therefore, can not be invoked in the framework of a priority question of constitutionality. He also judged in any case inoperative the claim alleging disregard of Article 5 of the Charter against a disposition enacting a permanent ban, and therefore dismissed the grievances under these provisions of the Environmental Charter.

actualite des gaz de schiste en France

actualité en France 30-08-13

 

US biotech giant guilty of poisoning French farmerhttp://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/us-biotech-giant-guilty-of-poisoning-french-farmer-6917478.html (15 February 2012)

Gaz de schiste : et si la législation française s’effondrait...
http://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2013/06/27/gaz-de-schiste-la-loi-jacob-sur-la-sellette_3437830_3244.html
C’est une victoire pour la compagnie pétrolière américaine Schuepbach
It’s a victory for the American petrol comapany Schuepbach.

The fracking ban is under threat…
Apparently the American company Schuepbach, whose permits were cancelled
when the French government banned fracking, is challenging the
constitutionality of the ban

SPAIN
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Catalonia had rejected the permits requested so far. Now it will approve a law to ban it. The law will forbid the municipalities to grant urban licenses for fracking practices that may have adverse environmental, landscape, geological or socioeconomic effects (25 Jan 2014)

Cataluña cambia la ley para prohibir el ‘fracking’
La Administración catalana no podrá otorgar los permisos urbanísticos para construir instalaciones de fracturación hidráulica
Dani Cordero Barcelona 31 ENE 2014 – EL PAIS
El fracking está prohibido en Cataluña. La oposición de la Generalitat a permitir esa polémica práctica extractiva de hidrocarburos es ley desde el pasado jueves, cuando se publicó la Ley de Acompañamiento de Presupuestos. Esta recoge una modificación de la normativa sobre urbanismo que señala que no está “permitido utilizar la tecnología de la fracturación hidráulica cuando pueda tener efectos negativos sobre las características geológicas, ambientales, paisajísticas o socioeconómicas”.
En la práctica, lo que ese cambio implica es que la Administración catalana no podrá otorgar los permisos urbanísticos para construir y poner en marcha en territorio catalán instalaciones con el objeto de utilizar esa técnica basada en la destrucción de la roca madre del suelo mediante la inyección a presión de agua y productos químicos.
Hasta ahora, la Generalitat ya había ido denegando una a una todas las peticiones de licencias para utilizar el fracking en subsuelo catalán, en algunos casos porque había expirado el calendario para presentar la documentación, pero quedaban algunos flecos pendientes. Sobre todo en cuatro zonas a caballo de Cataluña y Aragón donde el Ministerio de Industria había autorizado la exploración para conocer si se podía extraer gas o petróleo del subsuelo. Aunque los resultados fueran positivos, sería imposible llevarlas a cabo, a no ser que las instalaciones se sitúen completamente en territorio aragonés. “En Cataluña está totalmente prohibida”, confirmó ayer el secretario de Empresa y Competitividad de la Generalitat, Pere Torres.
La decisión de la Administración, no obstante, no descansa sobre argumentos medioambientales. Reside en un estudio del Gobierno catalán que concluye que la fractura hidráulica apenas permitiría aflorar el equivalente a 0,7 años del consumo de gas de la comunidad. Ante esas expectativas, el documento apostaba por dar carpetazo para evitar los “costes sociales” causados por los movimientos opositores

 

There are 17 regions in Spain. 4 out of 17 banned fracking, it is not so bad, and if we consider many of the rest are not interesting for SG, it is really a good outcome. Additionally, several provinces and around 400 municipalities are already Fracking free.

Cantabria passed the past April 15th the first regional Law in Spain to ban fracking. (Official document can be found here: http://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2013/05/09/pdfs/BOE-A-2013-4828.pdf ) (a rough translation into English can be found here: http://translate.google.ie/translate?sl=es&tl=en&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&eotf=1&u=http://www.boe.es/boe/dias/2013/05/09/pdfs/BOE-A-2013-4828.pdf ) –> thanks Charlie :)
Different actions were carried prior to this decision: cyber actions, different motions, rallies, and social networking. Members of the Cantabrian platform met regional politicians, too. But the key to achieve this text was the opposition of citizenship, who is known for their respect and love to their landscape. It is also remarkable the fact that this Law was passed under the legislature of the People’s Party (which goes against the will of the same party at national level). The only issue we encountered is that despite the Law was passed, the 6 existing permits were not revoked.

2. La Rioja passed the past June 21st the second regional Law in Spain to ban fracking.  (Official document can be found here: http://ias1.larioja.org/boletin/Bor_Boletin_visor_Servlet?referencia=1247585-1-PDF-466433 ) (The official website that contains the original text uses Flash – so makes almost impossible to translate it into English by using Google Translator)
Again, different actions were carried prior to this decision: cyber actions, different motions, rallies, press releases and social networking. Members of the Fracking No La Rioja Platform met regional politicians, too. In this particular case, was important to send as much information available to the CEOs of the several wineries present in La Rioja. Despite they did not want to send common statements with the groups working against fracking (including Friends of the Earth La Rioja), we believed it was crucial to keep them on the loop. Eventually, they became the most strong lobby group against this technique, and the regional Government passed the Law. In here it is also remarkable the fact that this Law was passed under the legislature of the People’s Party. And again, the only issue we encountered is that despite the Law was passed, the existing permits were not revoked. And the last week the Central Government wanted to force the Regional one to derogate the Law. The Plataforma Fracking No La Rioja will keep pushing backwards the intentions of our Central administration, and so will do we..

3. Navarra (or Catalonia) is expected to be third fracking-free region in Spain before this year ends. In Navarra, despite the fact that the People’s Party is in power, the rest of parties on the shadow do not support its position. The text is almost finished, and the citizen’s opposition keeps growing and growing. (Here the latest official news about it: http://www.parlamentodenavarra.es/57/section.aspx?idnoticia=4827 ). In the case of Catalonia, the Administration seems to be pro-industry in the beginning, but after few studies were ordered, they have changed their position: it may not be as much gas as the industry told in the begin (p. 24 http://www.ara.cat/politica/Resolucions-debat_de_politica_general-ICV-EUiA-dret_a_decidir-consulta_ARAFIL20130926_0006.pdf ). These are great news, because Catalonia was about to hold the first well in Spain. Yesterday, Felip Puig from the Generalitat stated that no fracking will be carried out in Catalonia. http://www.publico.es/468894/la-generalitat-no-autorizara-el-fracking-en-catalunya

Fracking banned in the Rioja area  of spain
http://www.ecoticias.com/sostenibilidad/80352/noticias-energia-energias-energias-renovables-verdes-limpias-alternativas-sostenibles-sustentables-eolica-geotermica-solar-termosolar-concentracion-eficiencia-energetica-definicion-tipos-ventajas-alternativas-paneles-placas-mareomotriz-aerogeneradores-nuclear-co2

Repsol Delays First Shale-Gas Project in Spain After Frack Ban
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-07-04/repsol-delays-first-shale-gas-project-in-spain-after-frack-ban.html
Repsol SA (REP), Spain’s largest oil producer, delayed starting to explore for shale gas in the north, where a local government has outlawed drilling projects that use water-intensive hydraulic fracturing.

Shale gas exploration in Spain - http://www.oilvoice.com/n/Realm_Energy_Gains_Foothold_For_Shale_Exploration_In_Spain/50780f780.aspx

Frackingarea’s in Spain

 

hhttp://www.sosclima.org/fracking-y-gas-de-esquisto-%C2%BFpeor-el-remedio-que-la-enfermedad
Received from: Hector de Prado Pistache (Friends of the Earth in Spain)

Cambio Climático y Energía- Amigos de la Tierra España

www.sosclima.org ° www.tierra.org ° www.foeeurope.org



The decision-makers of La Rioja, a region in the North-Center of
Spain, are finalising their decision to declare their region
fracking-free, which would be the second region after Cantabria.

ITALY
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Application for exploration license in Italy c_27420110917en0009001
POLAND
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Who is Who?

who's who

You can download now the document (as pdf, Beware: it’s 80 MB big) under :

http://issuu.com/cleantechpoland/docs/sgig3

https://www.dropbox.com/s/29hdzz0a22qbhym/Shale%20Gas%20investment%20guide-Poland%2C%20Winter%202012.pdf

I’ve also attached only the “Who’s Who in Concessions”-part.
Very interesting. On the last page of the document, one can see that the philantrope George Soros (http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/regions/europe) is investing in a fracked environment (through Soros Fund Management and Quantum Partners).

Documentary

Altijd Wathttp://altijdwat.ncrv.nl/nieuwsblogs/schaliegas-wat-zijn-gevolgen

http://gemi.st/15728158


 Auschwitz to be drilled for gas
http://frack-off.org.uk/auschwitz-to-be-drilled-for-gas/

A fresh new story about fracking in Poland. It just ran last night on PBS NewsHour in the US. http://youtu.be/HkDRpVg2wls   (May 2013)

Click on the image to enlarge

Poland’s Proposed Shale Gas Law To Be Adopted In 2013

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/01/11/poland-shale-gas-law-regulation-fracking_n_2454572.html
AP  |  By By Monika ScislowskaPosted: 01/11/2013 6:42 am EST  |  Updated: 01/11/2013 10:51 am EST
WARSAW, Poland (AP) — Poland will likely adopt a much-awaited law to regulate shale gas production this year, opening the way for the potentially lucrative sector to kick into gear, Treasury Minister Mikolaj Budzanowski said Friday.
Poland has been the most aggressive country in Europe in pursuing shale gas, a form of natural gas that is trapped in porous shale rock and requires new technologies to extract. It has been produced in the United States since late 1990s, but environmental activists say the extraction process — called hydraulic rock fracturing — is highly polluting.
International and Polish companies are exploring for the gas in Poland but are waiting for the new law — which will regulate taxes on production, terms for starting business and distribution of gas — before they commit to a longer-term strategy.
“Foreign companies are undoubtedly waiting for the final version of the law, which should be adopted this year and take effect in 2015,” Budzanowski told The Associated Press in an interview. “It will certainly give a big impulse for intensifying gas exploration efforts in Poland.”
A preliminary draft of the new law, which was demanded by the European Union, calls for a combination of taxes totaling about 40 percent on financial gains made by shale gas producers. But companies say it’s the details in the new law that matter. Without its finalization, they cannot plan ahead.
“Companies are slowing down work and waiting to see whether the new law, especially the tax, will leave enough commercial space,” said Pawel Poprawa, an expert on shale gas with The Energy Studies Institute in Warsaw.
The government hopes shale gas will boost the economy, reduce dependence on Russian gas imports and cut energy prices. The State Geological Institute estimates Poland’s shale gas deposits may secure production for at least 25 years.
The first commercial shale gas in Poland is expected to be produced on a small scale in early 2015. Shale gas will likely become a major energy source for Poland by 2020, but coal — which Poland is rich in — will remain the main source for another 50 years while technology efforts will focus on reducing carbon gas emission, Budzanowski said.
Some 35 exploratory shale gas wells have been drilled so far, but the findings are “not always exciting,” Poprawa said. More than 100 wells are needed for an assessment of the deposits.
In the United States, production of shale gas has brought down gas prices on the U.S. domestic market to under $100 per 1,000 cubic meters, about a third of what gas costs in most of Europe, where the chief provider is Russia. Moscow charges Poland above the European average thanks to a contract between the two countries that dates back to 1993.
Regarding environmental concerns, Budzanowski said Poland’s mining and research institutes should be involved in developing new, environmentally-friendly forms of shale gas extraction that could be also used in other countries.
In France, Germany and Bulgaria, environmental concerns were behind recent decisions to block or suspend exploration for shale gas. But countries like Russia or China are pursuing shale gas programs.

http://www.sacbee.com/2013/01/27/5143907/poland-stumbles-as-shale-gas-industry.html

15 September 2011 News Release

1 Berkeley Street London W1J 8DJ United Kingdom T +44 (0)20 7016 8823 www.huttonenergy.com

Hutton Energy p.l.c. awarded new Polish shale gas concessions

Raises net Polish shale acreage to over 1.1 million

September 2011 – London, UK – Hutton Energy p.l.c. (“Hutton”) has been awarded two new concessions in Poland this month totalling 506,072 acres. Following Hutton’s farm in to ExxonMobil in August, the additional concessions raise Hutton’s net acreage in Poland to approximately 1.1 million acres, giving the Company one of the largest shale acreage positions in the country.

The new concessions give Hutton exposure to Carboniferous shales as well as numerous tight sands that have already been shown to contain substantial gas columns.

The Oleśnica (1,160 km²/286,642 acres) and Wieluń (887.7km2/219,430 acres) licences, both located in south-western Poland, have multiple unconventional play potential in Carboniferous shales and tight sands, as well as conventional targets in Permian structures. Over 150 metre thick shales with TOC values reaching 3.5% are anticipated within the concessions. Additionally thick gas filled tight sands are likely to be encountered. The play concepts will be tested in nearby licences by oil and gas exploration company San Leon, which has three wells planned in 2011-2012.

Hutton CEO Keith Lough commented: “These blocks, along with Hutton’s existing South Prabuty block in the Baltic Basin and its 49% joint venture with ExxonMobil’s 1.1 million acres in the Podlasie Basin give Hutton an extensive, high potential portfolio in Poland. We expect to make further announcements shortly of further growth and diversification in our shale portfolio.”

Over the next six months, Hutton will be progressing its licenses through the fraccing of the Siennica well with ExxonMobil, finalising well location for the Baltic Basin concession and acquiring seismic on the new licenses.

About Hutton Energy

Hutton Energy plc is the parent company of a group of subsidiary companies set up to focus on exploring and developing unconventional hydrocarbon resources in Europe, specifically targeting areas that are prospective for shale gas. Current activity spans Poland, Ukraine, Czech Republic, France, Spain and the Netherlands.

For further information, please contact Anna Maio (Corporate Communications Manager) on anna.maio@huttonenergy.com or +44 (0)7815 683 911 Keith Lough CEO on +44 (0)7799 416468 or keith.lough@huttonenergy.com.

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Getting to Know You (in Poland)

Experts typically mention the lack of drilling rigs as one of the potential obstacles to the development of shale gas in Europe.

For Poland, whose efforts to produce natural gas out of its shale basins may in part have to do with a desire to wean itself from Russian gas, a private Russian enterprise, Eurasia Drilling Company (EDC) Ltd. might be able to help out.

That’s an understatement. EDC is the leading onshore & offshore provider of oil & gas development and exploration well drilling services in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). On the market since 2004 following its acquisition of the in-house drilling division of OAO Lukoil, EDC’s share of the onshore drilling market in Russia is 24%. Last year, the company entered a strategic alliance with Schlumberger in the CIS. As the only Russian offshore drilling service contractor, EDC also constructs oil and gas E&P wells in the Caspian Sea.

Kim Kruschwitz, Vice President, Marketing and Investor Relations at EDC provided an introduction to the company to attendees at the Global Shale Gas Plays Forum in Krakow, Poland.

“We’re new to most of you,” he admitted, explaining: “We’re here to learn about the potential of shale gas in Poland. We would certainly like to participate in this market, which we think has huge potential.”

Mr. Kruschwitz said that EDC was the largest drilling company in Russia and consequently in the Eastern Hemisphere.

“In addition to our successful organic growth historically, lately we have announced some acquisitions,” he said. “We currently have a fleet of 477 rigs, and we have an ongoing investment program to add new rigs from our suppliers. So far this year we’ve completed two acquisitions, adding about 70 land rigs and a second offshore jack-up.”

Last year, he said, EDC had 24% of the Russian market, which was second biggest land drilling market in the whole world. “Last year we drilled 4.1 million meters and this year we expect to drill 4.8 million.”

“We started off in Russia and that remains our primary operational area,” said Kruschwitz, who showed a map of the company’s activities in Russia and Central Asia. He also noted EDC had operations in Kaliningrad, which was close to Poland.

Incidentally, a new deep long well was being drilled in Kaliningrad, he reported, with some suppliers coming from Poland.

He also pointed out EDC’s commitment to QHSE, explaining “We consider ourselves a Russian based company with a western attitude. We continue to outperform the industry average on major safety indices.”

Then, Mr. Kruschwitz showed photographs of offshore operations on the Caspian Sea where EDC is active in the Russian, Kazakh and Turkmen sectors, and said that EDC was building a new jack-up rig to supplement the two it already owns and operates.

He also spoke of EDC’s onshore operations and highlighted the range of depths that  EDC’s onshore drilling rig fleet is capable of reaching.

“Most of the wells we drill are from multi-well pads,” he said, “which are useful in restricted access areas, such as densely populated areas, and to keep your costs down. Generally we are contracted as an integrated service provider, providing rig and crew plus all associated drilling services.”

Showing a rig in nearby Kaliningrad, he said: “Horizontal drilling is becoming very important in Russia: last year we drilled about 131 horizontal wells and this year we’ll complete about 245. Rigs capable of drilling these type of wells are the style you’d want to see in Poland.”

December 26th, 2011 7:18pm Posted In: Technology, Natural Gas, Horizontal Drilling, Russia, Turkmenistan

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Poland Presses State Entities to Co-operate in Shale Gas Exploration

Poland’s treasury minister is pressing Polish state-linked companies to work together in shale gas exploration.

Mikolaj Budzanowski told Rzeczpospolita what he would like to see companies controlled by the Polish treasury join together in efforts for local shale gas extraction.

The minister suggested that gas monopoly PGNiG and oil refiners PKN Orlen and Lotos, team with utilitiesPGE, Tauron, Enea and Energa in exploration efforts, with the ultities accessing the non-conventional gas to produce energy.

“It’s thus not only about such companies as Lotos, PKN Orlen or PGNiG, but also the whole energy sector, or generally speaking about using the synergies between producing gas and its usage in the energy sector.”

The deputy chief executive of Polish utilities company Enea said the state-controlled entity has already made early investigations into Polish shale gas market.

“From the very beginning when interest grew in the subject of shale exploration in Poland, Enea was exploring the market,” deputy chief executive Krzysztof Zborowski told Reuters.

“We are interested and also considering the ways of participating in the process of shale gas extraction, but it’s too early for details.”

December 29th, 2011 6:41pm Posted In: Shale Gas, Natural Gas, News By Country, Poland

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Polish Shale gas estimates likely to be recalculated- http://www.naturalgaseurope.com/polish-shale-gas-estimates-likely-to-drop (Febr. 2012)

Poland wakes up …. http://fracastrophe.com/?page_id=37

Exxon Shale failure – http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-01-31/exxon-says-two-polish-shale-wells-were-not-commercially-viable.html  (31 January 2012)

 

Poland gives Green light to massive fracking effortshttp://pacificfreepress.com/news/1/10855-killing-water-tables-world-wide-poland-embracing-fracking.html  4 February 2012)

Poland: licensing process frozen-  http://www.naturalgaseurope.com/poland-licensing-process-frozen  (9 February 2012)

Unconventional intrigue in Poland

Unconventional fracking, by way of powerful inter-linked diesel engine brute forces, is not just about cracking up geological shales far underground. It’s much more than that! It’s about using other unconventional brute forces to crack governments, communities and people! In other words, in order to frack the earth, it means fracking everything! (From the Preface and Executive Summary)

This report contains a title page, tribute page to Mark Lombardi, preface, table of contents, executive summary, 15 chapters, a conclusion and appendixes. Due to its sheer length and size (in megabytes), and hundreds of images, maps and illustrations, it is divided into pdf downloadable separate section and chapter files (see below). Each divisional chapter / section is prefaced by the report’s information title and the contents of that chapter / section.

http://www.bctwa.org/FrkPol-FrackEU.html

Seismic research, without permission from land ownershttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6rQzFK_9Qk4

Authorities hope Documentary on shale will soften protests in Kashubia - www.naturalgaseurope.com/poland-shale-protests-kashubia

March 2012

Map of kashubia -

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Kaszuby_wg_J.Mordawskiego_1999.png

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laws, regulations, controls  on one side -reality on the other..

roughly translated, bad grammar…
Waste water from shale gas wells, illegally stored in Głobinie near Słupsk, can poison the water supply for the residents of Slupsk and villages - alert the local authorities. Shocking case is under the investigation of the public prosecutor of Slupsk and environmental inspectors.
It took a year and a half for the gravel pit owner in  Głobin near Słupsk to get permission to store frac water flow back waste  of shale gas wells in the area.
The storage of chemicals permission in the county was twice refused by the governor of Slupsk. When, after several months of the owner of the gravel pit battle proved that the frac flowback fluid (gravel, sand with water and chemicals) will be properly disposed, the county had to finally agree to waste storage. Already the first municipal fire control has proved that pouring (shell gas borehole flowback)mud has little to do with disposal.Inappropriate storage location of chemicals wasn’t the only problem.  Flowback water was supposed to be immidietly mixed with cement to harden, so it would prevent it from soaking into the ground.Flowback fluid chemicals may be a threat to  the water supply. In the control done by communalguards it was  found with that the flowback frac fluid is effusive directly to the gravel pit (without adding the cement or any other precautions)Without waiting for the results of the inspection of Provincial Environmental Protection Inspectorate Mayor of Slupsk has informed the public prosecutor. Gravel pit owner does not want to inform the municipal officials which borehole the chemical flowback waste water is derived from. We also do not know how much they are harmful. The results of frac waste chemical tests will be known in a few days.

BULGARIA
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Updates of the ‘shale gas’ situation in Bulgaria  March 2013
Received from Borislav Sandov [borislav.sandov@gmail.com]

Concerning the legal acts on the gas & oil Bulgaria has an official ban for shale gas exploration and extraction made by the Parliament on 18th of January 2012. The same decision was changed on 14th of June by the Parliament in the most important point number 1, but the text is even strictest and now we have an official ban of all the unconventional gas and oil.

As you probably know, in the beginning of this year the Bulgarian Parliament vote for a ban on the shale gas exploration and extraction, under the huge pressure from the civil society. Just a month after the ban the Parliament establish a temporary commission for ”good practices in the mining sector….long name…bla,bla…” only with the idea to change the moratorium (argued that the point 1 is in fact ban of extraction of the conventional gas). After 4 months and only two sessions of the commission they only took a decision for a new text of point.1 which was in fact an ‘open door’ for fracking. Then another one month they didn’t suggest it to the Parliament, because of the disagreement from our side. And then on 13th of June they put it in the next day parliamentarian session. Our reaction was immediate and we demanded for some changes. It was happened at the same time where thousands of activists blockade the main street of the capital, as a reaction of the new forestry act and the ruling party was under pressure. The situation and our activities convince them for voting on this final text of point 1:

Prohibited the application of the technology of hydraulic rupture / fraking / or any other technology which pressed a mixture of fluids (gels or liquefied gas), chemical additives and / or fluid, mechanical and / or organic fillers in drilling wells causing the creation of new formation and / or expansion of existing natural cracks or fissure systems in all sedimentary formations, including coal seams for exploration and production of oil and natural gas.

On Bulgarian:
1. Забранява се прилагането на технологията на хидравлично разкъсване /фракинг/ или всяка друга технология, която представлява нагнетяване на смес от течности (гелове или втечнен газ), химически добавки и/или флуиди, механични и/или органични пълнители в сондажи, водещи до образуване на нови и/или разширяване на съществуващи естествени пукнатини или пукнатинни системи във всякакви седиментни формации, включително въглищни пластове с цел проучване и добив на нефт и природен газ.

May be parliament still didn’t realized, but the text of point 1 is in fact a ban of all unconventional gas and oil extraction. Is all the unconventional gas is causing the creation of new formation and / or expansion of existing natural cracks or fissure systems? In our opinion and expertise – yes!

REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA

Moratorium
 http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/01/18/bulgaria-shalegas-ban-idUSL6E8CI2ML20120118
OF BULGARIA

41ST NATIONAL ASSEMBLY

DECISION

 for ban on the application of the hydraulic fracturing technology for exploration and/or extraction of gas and oil on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria

The National Assembly, pursuant to art. 86, par. 1 of the Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria and art. 78 of the Interior regulations for the organization and the work of the National Assembly and proceeding from the principle of precaution regarding the protection of public health and the environment

HAS DECIDED:

1. Prohibits the application of the hydraulic fracturing technology, hydrofracking, fracking and/or any other possible term describing the injection of a mixture of water and other fluid or gel-like substances with chemical compounds, elements or components, propants, fluids, propane, as well as mechanical and/or organic fillers, at a pressure larger than 20 atmospheres under the earth for exploration and/or extraction with the aim to extract and produce oil or natural gas on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria

2. Prohibits the extraction of shale gas on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria using the technology described in Art. 1.

3. Prohibits the field explorations for the tracing down of deposits or opportunities for extraction of oil and natural gas on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria, which apply the method of hydraulic fracturing, any methods corresponding to the ones described in Art. 1 or any similar methods.

4. All exploratory and extractive activities planning to use the technology described in Art. 1 or any similar technology need to be immediately ceased, as of the date of the promulgation of this decision. The offenders will be sanctioned with a fine of 100,000,000 BGN.

5. All physical persons and/or legal entities that have received an exploration permit or a concession for the extraction of oil and gas and are affected by the current ban, are given a period of 3 months, as of the date this decision enters into force, during which time they have to submit for approval their revised working projects which have to exclude the prohibited methods.

6. The subjects mentioned in Art.5 that do not submit their new working projects before the deadline or submit projects that do not fulfill the requirements of this decision lose the rights that have granted to them with the respective permit or concession, and they will have no right of compensation.

7. Prohibits the issuing of licenses, the conclusion of concession and other contracts, as well as the performing of any legal or factual activities in violation of the current Decision.

8. The ban is not imposed upon R&D explorations which fulfill all of the following conditions: are made by independent scientific organizations, don’t have a business/trade purpose, have a purpose to study the risks from the extraction of oil and natural gas and do not use the prohibited method of hydraulic fracturing or similar methods.

9. The current ban is termless and is in force for the whole territory of the Republic of Bulgaria, including the aquatory of the Black Sea.

10. The control on the application of this decision is assigned to the Council of Ministers.

11. The decision enters into force as of the date of its promulgation in the State Gazette.

The decision is adopted by the Forty-first National Assembly on 18 January 2012 and is stamped with the official stamp of the National Assembly.

The decision is adopted by the Forty-first National Assembly on 18 January 2012, changed on 14 June 2012 and is stamped with the official stamp of the National Assembly.

The current situation in Bulgaria concerning fracking and gas&oil industry can be clarify as follow ….:
-       Lack of control bodies and mechanisms. There is no control at all and two wells could potentionaly violate the decision by the Parliament. There is lack of capacity of the official control body. Only 4 persons are responsible for the whole country and are the same people that were give permits to the oil&gas companies;
-       Lack of definitions, and specially for ‘unconventional’ fossil sources. There are no such a words in the legislation like shale gas, CBM, fracking, CSG, tar sands etc. There is luck of definitions concerning the technologies as well;
-       The Government still giving permits to different energy companies for exploration oil & gas (together) which still not excluding unconventional fossil sources even that we have a ban;
-       There are some groups of politicians and lobbies that are keeping pressure on the political level and making propaganda through the media;
-       The experts are divided on the two sides, but those with power are on the fracking side;
-       The civil society is still awake on the issue and ready for new actions if needed;
-       The government signed off and we don’t expect any changes after the upcoming elections in two months;
-       We have a huge capacity according to the legal, civil and expertise level which can be used by some other country anti-fracking groups. We’d liked to share.

Good luck to Wales and all the other countries/regions in the frack-free battle!

Boris

—————–

Hillary Clinton is promoting Chevron’s interests in a country that recently banned fracking

US tells Bulgaria shale gas is safe – http://www.euractiv.com/energy/us-tells-bulgaria-shale-gas-safe-news-510616

BULGARIA – UPDATE December 2011

Fwd: EIA – Bulgaria: EC Advises Members to Be Cautious with Shale Gas – Bulgarian Ministry – Novinite.com – Sofia News Agency – http://www.novinite.com/view_news.php?id=135037
SHALE GAS IN BULGARIA
An introduction on shale gas campaign updates from Bulgaria -  by Kuba Gogolewski

December 2011

The situation
In June 2011 the Bulgarian government gave permission for research drilling for shale gas to Chevron. The block ‘Novi Paza’? is 4800 sq.km.

In North-Eastern Bulgaria. The region gets its water only from underground water resources and it is the main wheat region of Bulgaria. There is huge underground water basin known as the ‘Malmvalange’ and is the biggest natural reservoir of clean water on the Balkan Peninsula.  The population leaving in the area is about 1 million.

The first reaction was that the municipality of Novi Pazar, together with some NGOs and the Greens appealed the governmental decision in court. The court case is still pending.

Campaign

The campaign started in the summer of 2011 with several citizens’ protests. Facebook groups and website against shale gas were launched and the information got spread quickly. The citizens in the core were CSOs with very little experience in the activists? field but they are devoted. Some NGO people and The Greens are very active.
Officially was formed ‘National civil committee against shale gas studies and exploration through hydraulic fracturing in Bulgaria’.

The first big protest + rally happened on 1 September in 3 big cities. After that there are protests almost every week in Sofia and two of the affected towns  Varna and Dobrich.
The topic became huge in the media and in the public discussions. The documentary ‘Gas land’ was spread all over and given to all MPs.

One of the protests was during a charitable football game of famous people where the Prime Minister Borisov played. He agreed to meet the citizen’s group on this game (if they stop shouting anti-shale gas slogans) 2 meetings with the Prime Minister happened in October-November where he declared that if it was really dangerous there would not be drilling.

On 23rd October there were local and presidential elections. The Socialist party declared during their campaign that they are against shale gas.
Their candidate used it as a main message.
After the elections they stopped using the arguments so actively. There is a worry, In the context of the usual political direction of the Socialists ( pro-nuclear, pro- Russian energy projects, active supporters of Belene NPP), they are opposing the shale gas as supporters of the Russian gas.

Citizen’s initiative (according to the Bulgarian legislation) started. It required 50 people Initiative Committee. Over 17 000 signatures gathered so far on stands in the cities.

Main arguments used:

we are against this specific technology
the technology is banned in France, South Africa and USA (18 states of USA), UK
Fossil fuel not energy solution
Causes earthquakes/earthquakes can lead to accidents with the drills
1 of every 20 drillings has accidents (official data)
Huge risk for underground water which is scarce resource in North-Eastern Bulgaria
Chemical cocktail ? 650 chemicals used in the fracking
Usage of water ? over 19 000 litres for each fracking

What is achieved so far:Three parties (opposition and neutral) have submitted in the Parliament proposal for ban and for moratorium over the technology. It is pending.

Chevron had declared that they will start drilling only in 2015.

On 21.12.2011 the Minister of environment declared that they will change the regulations and the companies will need Environmental Impact Assessments before the stage of research drilling. Also the drillings for shale gas will need to get approval according to two other laws ? the law for underground resources and the law for defence of the impact of chemical substances.

This makes the procedures harder to go through.

In February the petition with signatures gathered by the Citizens initiative will be submitted in the Parliament.

Kuba Gogolewski
Koordynator ds. energii/Energy campaigner
CEE Bankwatch Network/Polish Green Network
ul. Raszynska 32/44 lok. 140, Warszawa

skype: kubagogolewski
LITHUANIA
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All national efforts to have a strict regulation of exploration and extraction of unconventional hydrocarbons in Lithuania have failed unfortunately.

Official document in Lithuanian can be downloaded from http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_l?p_id=450336&p_query=&p_tr2=2

The Lithuanian Parliament adopted amendments to the Law on Earth Entrails where fracking was legitimised without any reservations.
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Shale gas exploration and excavation was legitimized in Lithuania
Lithuanian Parliament has approved amendments to the Earth Entrails Law on 30th of May. It has been signed by the President and will come into force from the first of July. Thereby shale gas exploration and excavation was legalised without any substantial legal safeguards except newly established requirement to go through environmental impact assessment procedures in case of unconventional hydrocarbons (amendment to the Environmental Impact Assessment Law).
The Government had postponed signing of agreement with companies (one of them – Chevron subsidiary) who have won the tender for exploration and extraction of unconventional hydrocarbons in March until all necessary legal amendments were implemented.
The position taken by the Environmental Committee of the Parliament (ECP) and supported by the Committee of Agriculture led to believe that strict regulation of exploration of unconventionals in order to maximise environmental sefaty (eg., prohibition to use toxic substances in fracturing fluids) could be achieved. The ECP initiated ammendments to several laws and involved profesionals to support this work.  All Chevron‘s official proposals had been rejected during this preparation phase and the final submitted to the Parliament Plenary document contained many provisions that in principle excluded possibility of fracking based on ordinary technologies.
The amendments were approved after Parliament deliberations, but new proposals were raised during adoption process in the latest stage. A few members of the Labour Party (one of them also a member of the ECP) came up with the new proposal which swept down all previous agreements and was aiming at legitimation of exploration and excavation of unconventional hydrocarbons. Their proposal has been taken into consideration and got majority votes in the final vote.
Environmental Coalition (association of main Lithuanian environmental NGOs) has made an appeal to the President Dalia Grybauskaitė for veto, but it has been rejected and the amendments have been signed.
For the first time release of toxic compounds to entrails of the Earth has been legatimized in Lithuania. Up to now it was possible them to release only to artificial, specially installed underground stores. Moreover, new provisions allow depositing of waste formed during excavation process in the entrails cavities. Thus, it can not be excluded that flowback fluids could be allowed to dispose even into other places originated from other exploration activities of the Earth entrails.  According to the amendments, deposition regulation should be prepared by the Government. Also the Government should prepare the regulation to ensure control of the use of toxic compounds during exploration or excavation process. The list and amounts of toxic chemicals to be used should be disclosed for competent authorities.  Overall responsibility to monitor environmental quality in the exploration/extraction zone was assigned to state organizations neglecting the fact that the existing legislation obliges operator/polluter to monitor and ensure the maintenance of the same environmental quality.
Only one restriction remained in the document comparing with its initial version: exploration and excavation of unconventionals is prohibited in protected territories, sanitary zones of watering places and zones of water wells. Since just a few percent of watering places have sanitary zones established in Lithuania and the range of water wells zones is just 5 meters it is unlikely that this provision will have any significance for real protection of drinking water sources.
Liutauras Stoškus
2013 06 18
UKRAINE
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Ukraine – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-21191164
ROMANIA
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DECEMBER 2013

Romania 1romania 2

 

 

 

 

Testimonies

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B1Nj96pMF1hWS1pvQzRLdlRMeGM/edit?usp=sharing

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B1Nj96pMF1hWY2pRTy15X2FhSDQ/edit?pli=1

A very good article about the situation in Romania

 Is this the way to go for Europe? Don’t you turn your eyes away from this situation, thinking as Mike Hill does, that it’s just the Communist heritage that’s allowing this to happen. We all sense this is much more than this and that this is an experiment made to be used as a showcase by Chevron and other big companies to show what they understand as “being good neighbours” and “protecting the environment”.
We have to learn from mistakes of the past: as fascism has taken over Europe some 80 years ago, I sense corporate fascism now being developed as an experiment in Romania has the power to spread accross Europe. Dont’ think that “democratic institutions” will be there to help. Democracy is, as Josh Fox so well makes the point, strongly undermined by fracking industry all over the world. What we have seen in Canada, with the Mi’kmaqs being shot with rubber bullets, is part of the same horrifying war scenario the industry is declaring war against communities (as we cannot even really speak of national governments, as they have long ceased to be there for the citizens, so the war is now between companies and the citizens, with national governments being enablers for the companies).
I definitely think that right now any opinion about “regulating fracking” definitely runs counter the idea of outright BAN! Fracking is a new form of fascism taking over the world as we speak about regulations, EPA studies and so on! We have to use clearer words against it, not only from environmental point of view, but also from bare Human Rights view and Democracy! This aspect has been neglected so far in all the debates and it’s exactly what we need to get people to react. Democracy and Human Rights cease to be just meaningless words when you stop having them! This is why right now I think this is the most important aspect to use to ban fracking – the attack to Democracy and Human rights! Pungesti, Mi’kmaq and UK cases, and especially the affected communities in the USA, and to a lesser extend Poland, are our best illustraters of this very dangerous trend of corporate fascism of the oil and gas industries!

Romania gives Chevron green light to explore shale – “BUCHAREST
(Reuters) -
U.S. oil major Chevron won approval to drill exploration
wells for shale gas in three areas in eastern Romania, local news
agency Mediafax reported on Thursday. Romania’s leftist government
initially opposed shale gas when it took power in 2012 but has since
became a supporter in view of potential economic benefits from any
major discovery. Mediafax said the decision was taken by the Technical
Assessment Committee of the Environment protection agency of the town
of Vaslui. The U.S. Energy Information Administration estimates that
Romania and its neighbors Bulgaria and Hungary could between them have
538 billion cubic meters of gas, which would be enough to cover
Romania’s consumption for almost 40 years.” (Reuters)

http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/07/11/us-romania-shale-chevron-idUSBRE96A0PJ20130711

Comment by a campaigner from Romania
This is not something new. Despite winning elections with an antifracking promise, since last December they have shown strong will to start exploring (please take note that the agreements are granted for both exploring and exploiting). And it is not Chevron only: all the companies that are granted with exploration & exploitation agreements according to Oil Law may look for conventionals and unconventionals, as the law is not distinguishing between the two.
EIA are not mandatory for any of them yet, as below the amount of 500.000 cm/day production.

Please note that: ENVI (= EU committee on the environment) has now already voted
for a legal clarification, i.e., that EIA are mandatory for Fracking-projects and that the EU-Parliament will vote over this issue in Septembe

ROMANIA – UPDATE    by Georgeta Ionescu  JULY 2013
In Vaslui County – Romania there are currently ongoing 3 permits for exploring shale gas by Chevron in 3 locations nearby some villages. Chevron owns one perimeter in Barlad – Vaslui, and other 3 perimeters in Dobrogea near the Black Sea Coast. 14 local councils in Vaslui county, already adopted months ago decisions against any fracking activity on their area. The prefect is refusing to validate them yet.
There are political pressures to annul those Local Councils decisions.
Despite these decisions and the refuse of citizens to accept any shale gas works on their land, the Environment Protection Agency aims to grant now 3 permits for  exploration deep drillings (more than 3.000 meters). First the Agency tried to avoid any Environment Impact Assessment, but due to reactions of the civil society than the Agency requested the company to produce the reports. At this stage the reports are to be debated with local communities.

Below you may find a recording from Găgești village where representatives from the Agency and company meet the locals.
You do not need translation, images are explicit:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjqV7waV1-Q&feature=youtu.be

In the nearby village Pungești, envisaging a similar public debate, massive police, jandarmery units, and others…were mobilized now to intimidate locals:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=_Z4DZ5JfMls#at=60

The local Council in  Pungești was one amongst those 14 in the County Vaslui to adopt a decision against fracking. Initially the Local Council decided that no fracking activity is allowed in the village and nearby. The County prefect and Social Democrats were pressuring the mayor and Councillors to annul their decision, but the official request was rejected a month ago. On June 15, both Chevron and County Council Chair (in favor of the company projects), came in the village but the peoples reaction were bad for them. Political pressures were growing then, and the mayor introduced a new bill to eliminate the interdiction on June 21. It was adopted against the citizens will, and by a keen vote in the council (7/6). Those who did not vote on the new bill, were punished than…
Recently, a local Councillor from this village Pungești, was dismissed by his party leadership and consecutively lost his seat in the Local Council,  after voting against the decision to revoke the previous Local Council decision to impose interdiction on fracking. Former Councillor Constantin Tabacaru (over 80 yrs old), was councillor for the last 18 years and is much respected by community. http://www.vrn.ro/consilier-dat-afara-din-partid-din-cauza-chevron-ului

ROMANIA – update  June 2013
The impact of seismic measures

Reporter: Georgeta Ionescu

Recent developments in Romania:
1. Mediaș area- Transylvania basin: the bio producers are much against seismic works surveys, as this is currently destroying their cultures, and irritating their horses (that they use instead agri-machinery…). This is on-going right these days, and they are in the middle of interventions to stop the Prospectiuni SA company .

On best practice procedure they shall not be alowed with heavy trucks and the other equipment, on agriculture fields, in the middle of cultivating. In real life it happens all the year round…

2. Another case is nearby a monastery: the monks are angry as their spring has ceased since the same Prospectiuni SA, developed a study very close to that area. There is some media coverage on local news-papers, and a short movie here:

3. A new permit for seismic works was temporarily stopped in Dobrogea – Adamclisi perimeter as this was on NATURA 2000 site – for birds protection. Only due to intervention of local NGOs the Environment Protection Agency imposed the company to bring more data and have an Impact assesment…

Generally the public opinion is not familiar and most of the people don’t react. The methos is introduced to the people as non-dangerous, acting at the top of soil, and for a limited time. The Company is promoting now its works by local tv coverage…
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gXbZWvVclW0

Despite this, some farmers became angry as their properties are violated without any previous info or agreement, and request immediate release of their land, like in the Timis county – Sinmihaiul Roman, last summer:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PGlQ89qQ2tY

———————————————–

Another project
Not encouraging news from ROMANIA, Bihor county:

Bihoreanul daily reported since March 2012, that authorities were silently granting licenses while environmentalists (including me) revealed further perimeters targeted for shale gas exploitation, of which four are in Bihor in Felix, Voivozi, Tria and Tulca.
All these blocks were under operating agreements, development and exploration between the National Agency for Mineral Resources (NAMR) and foreign companies. At Voivozi, Mol Hungarian the agreement was obtained Expert Petroleum, a company registered in Medias (Romania) and owned by an offshore registered in Jordan, behind which seems to be a  former KGB officer. Felix and Tria perimeters are under a Canadian company., =East West Petroleum Corp. While for Tulca agreement was obtained Clara Petroleum Ltd, a British firm.For those agreements to be implemented  they needed approval given by Government Decision. And regulations were issued last month, quietly, for two of the four blocks: Tria and Tulca. Thus, East West Petroleum and Petroleum Clara can begin to exploit any oil resources, including shale gas in two blocks. Under what conditions, remains a secret for two HG’s annexes are classified!Govern Decisons (HG) published in the Official Gazette on 12th December were received with joy by Canadian Comp., who announced on their website that they are going to quickly go to work. “East West Petroleum Corp.’s Happy to announce that it has received final approval from the Romanian Government to start operations on lease of 1,000 square kilometers EX-2 Tria in western Romania,” says Canadians. The company will conduct “a comprehensive program for two years, including the acquisition of 3D seismic data and 120 square kilometers of 2D seismic data on 200 kilometers, plus drilling of three wells” ………

At the request of the newspaper, Greg Renwick chief executive, said that “the acquisition of seismic data” means sound waves to identify the best locations for well. “This technique is used worldwide and has been used in Tria. Population will not be affected,” said Renwick. The technique was used to explore the potential Bihor villages area that Canadians already did,  once signed athe greement with NAMR, which means they already know what hidden potential of this land area and are eager to proceed, announcing that work will start from the first quarter of 2013 …
These are not the only blocks in Romania, as other government decisions were given in December for another 4 areas.
And Prime Minister Victor Ponta had public statements in early January,  in favor of shale gas exploitation

CANADA
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National Farmers Union2012 02 23 National Farmer’s Union Demands Moratorium on frac’ing

Most Canadians want moratorium on fracking -

Postmedia News February 6, 2012

The majority of Canadians oppose hydraulic fracturing – better known as “fracking” – and would support a moratorium on the natural gas extraction method, according to a new poll.

The Environics Research poll, commissioned by the Council of Canadians, found that 62 per cent of the Canadians polled supported a moratorium on all fracking for natural gas until all federal environmental reviews are complete….

http://www.montrealgazette.com/technology/Most+Canadians+want+moratorium+fracking+poll/6106545/story.html

 Alberta Plays Catch-up on Frack Front -http://thetyee.ca/News/2012/02/23/AlbertaCatchUp/


CHINA
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Shell plans to invest $1bn to explore shale gas & refinery in China

http://www.qatar-tribune.com/data/20120822/content.asp?section=Business2_2

China oil giant Cnooc pushes ahead with Nexen acquisition

http://www.asianewsnet.net/home/news.php?id=35371

Door opens to China – Barnett

http://bigpondnews.com/articles/Finance/2012/08/21/Door_opens_to_China_-_Barnett_786262.html

LATIN AMERICA
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Hi all,
I attended an event today in DC at the Council of the Americas on Shale Gas Development in Latin America. I thought I’d share my notes with all of you because while this info is most relevant to Latin America, other global regions were mentioned and there was commentary on the US context.

I included key messages below and here’s my favorite quote from Sherr about the film Gasland: “Few single media productions have done more damage. If you don’t think it can happen in Brazil & Mexico, take a similar film there and see what happens.” Guess that tells us what we need to do!!

In solidarity,
Darcey
_________________________________
Darcey O’Callaghan
International Policy Director
Food & Water Watch
1616 P Street NW, Suite 300
Washington, DC 20036
W: +1(202) 683-2523
skype: darceyrose
www.foodandwaterwatch.org

Council of the Americas event: Shale Gas Development in Latin America22 October 2013
Notes
There were 3 speakers:
David Goldwyn, President, Goldwyn Global Strategies- author of Energy & Security: Strategies for a World in Transition.·
Alexander Robart, Principal, PacWest Consulting·
Kirk Sherr, President, Clearview Strategy Group (former Enron & State Dept)

Key messages:-It is best when companies can partner with governments who can handle the regulatory system & manage community perceptions.
- If a Spanish-language version of Gasland were to be used in Latin America like it has been in the US and Eastern Europe, it would cause major damage.
- IDB & World Bank will be pushed to finance small & mid-size companies
- Offshore development will be key (Mozambique & Tanzania mentioned)
- They won’t see a US-size boom because capacity isn’t there; production will be for regional use.
-Colombia is seen as the best prospect because they have an industry-friendly regulatory environment.
-The speakers shared great concern over community mobilization.
David Goldwyn, President, Goldwyn Global Strategies- author of Energy & Security: Strategies for a World in Transition.Technically recoverable does not mean production. There are significant barriers to market entry. Producers prefer being in N Amer. The reality is we don’t know very much yet. The ARI estimates are based on other estimates and have been ratcheted down as drilling begins.

Argentina, Mexico, Brazil are the key players.
They have significant shale oil & gas.
Argentina:
- Investors have had trouble getting $ out of Argentina. They’re hoping to find oil, not just gas.
- 20% of production can be allowed for export.
- Chevron is exploring & will prob develop
Brazil:
- access to capital is a problem (related to finding local partners)
- Petrobras focused on oil, not gas
Mexico:
-dim prospects even if you can get revenue out
-$4 gas price currently, so they’re importing gas from the US
-comps will be looking for oil, not gas
Columbia:
-#1 in terms of success even if reserves are lower.
-Govt talked to everyone with a moratorium. They’re going to establish a “best in class” regulatory framework to move forward while protecting communities.
-The political issues are the real challenges: worried about indigenous response.
-A&S wants gas for domestic use, firms want it for export.
Paraguay:
-there’s potential but markets & prospects are small. They’ll have to work hard to find interested companies.
Overall in Latin America:
-Regulatory frameworks have not caught up with development.
-For pure shale: Colombia & Argentina are best prospects
-For offshore: Brazil & Mexico are best prospects Australia:Good news. Set to be biggest unconventional exporter. Best practices example.
Eastern Europe: dev is spotty because of social opposition
-Gasland has created a lot of fear. Even though the price of gas is extremely high, regulators don’t know how to create framework to give consumers confidence.
Key difference between US & global markets is that US allows landowners to sell rights. US model will be impossible to replicate because entrepreneurial capacity in US doesn’t exist in LA.
**Big global movers will be offshore: Mozambique, Tanzania.
Alexander Robart, Principal, PacWest Consulting:-Outlook is modest in Latin America compared to US.

US has 16.3 mil hydraulic capacity horsepower
Latin America has less than600 thousand hydraulic frack capacity
-Mexico- key will be the regulatory formative process; Burgos Basin is interesting.
Regulatory rules could change game but they don’t expect US scale development. -
We don’t talk about “shale” but unconventional. Shale is treated as proxy for frack capacity. They count trucks. Focused on Mex & Argentina.
-Argentina is furthest along. Geology is compelling but politics are huge impediment.
-Colombia- too early to say what the constraints will be but they have the most oil & gas
friendly regime in world.
-Brazil- Sao Francisco Basin is potentially interesting. Amazon reserves are too far away
from infrastructure for significant development. Will be tough to get the interest from

Petrobras (which would be an important partner).
6 parameters:1. geology
2. price & possibility for repatriatriation of profits
3. oil services capacity , knowhow
4. reg capacity
5. logistics in place: fracking is logistical nightmare: waste, transit
6. dev constraints: water, proximity to water, etc.
-less impt: labor rules

It’s the small players who have driven the field because they can make quick adjustments on the ground.They will need govt facilitation of local partnerships to provide subsidiary supplies (sand)
Latin American development will be for regional export, not global.
People underestimate the importance of 100 yrs experience in US. Poland had zero experience and are starting from scratch.
China moving very quickly. 2nd largest reserves behind Canada.
MENA region- benefits from existing infrastructure & industry. MENA ranks higher than China for industry potential. (In order: MENA, China, Australia) Saudi, Oman- potential.
Kirk Sherr, President, Clearview Strategy Group (former Enron & State Dept):US has 2-5,000 tcf of gas
4 LA countries together have equivalent of 75% of US reserve capacity. US boom is far from over; increasing in many states; prices are the biggest factor, not capacity.Financing:
$90bil was spent in 2012
$461 2009-2012 in US
$180 into all LA FDI

Capital needs will be greater going forward.
Cap mrkt efficiency isn’t there yet in LA; best in Chile, Mexico
3 key probs related to govt policy:
1.     financing2.     demand3.     public perception1. Holes in dev process: financing
IDB, World Bank will have to figure out how to address financing for smaller companies. The broader regional funding capacity will need to be addressed.
2. Less experience in region in gas production
Arg has much experience in compressed natural gas 3. Broad prob with public awarenessGasland- few single media productions have done more damage. If you don’t think it can happen in Brazil & Mexico, take a similar film there and see what happens. States will need a multidisciplinary, multistakeholder approach to convince public that unconventional methods can be done safely. Govt needs to partner with universities and replicate US partnership example.-will need graduates who understand the market & tech training
Region will require new thinking: Pemex head recently said he was thinking about investing in US shale companies. Why not start your own company? Clearview is focused on Colombia as best option for production.-Indigenous communities make common cause. This should be watched. Argentina- an injunction was passed in Neuquen. Mobilization should be watched.Arg has long way to go before it can export competitively, maybe 5-6 yrs from now.
It’s about developing local market.
Arg is considering a $250 mil water project to support water for fracking.
Brazil focused on offshore.
InterAmerican Dev Bank has embraced renewables and seems less interested in unconventional.

HISTORY

The Plan for a New World Order Stumbles on Geopolitical Realitieshttp://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=32439

 

The latest news on shale gas in the Netherlands:

This Monday, August 26, 2013, the Minister of Economy, Henk Kamp, sent to Parliament the long awaited report regarding the risks of exploitation of shale gas in the Netherlands.
This report is accompanied by a letter from the Minister in which are summarized the issues raised in this report about the risks:


*   of possible pollution of soil and groundwater caused by leaks in the wellbore, by leaking methane and other chemicals, and leaks on the surface,
*   of possible movements of soil and the underground (subsidences or quakes),
*   of the excessive use of space on surface,
*   of security in general.


Then it summarizes the answers given in this report:


*  Pollution of drinking water is possible, but minimal. Given the experience of the Netherlands in conventional natural gas drilling which uses roughly the same techniques (
really?), the risks of exploitation of shale gas are estimated minimal, but slightly higher because of the presence of a higher number of wells.
*  Because drilling in the Netherlands must be very deep (
at least 3000 and often 5000 meters), the risk of a rise to sensitive aquifers of fracking fluid (which remains trapped in the rock) and methane naturally present in the rock, is unlikely.
*  A possible pollution the drilling site itself can be controlled by strict guidelines such as storage of water in containers installed on an impermeable location.
*  Exploitation of shale gas can cause earthquakes, if it takes place near a natural seismic zone. The maximum seismic force would probably be less than around conventional natural gas drilling, and would not exceed 3.0 degrees on the Richter scale. Fracking can cause vibrations in the underground, which would not exceed the 1.0 degrees on the Richter scale. These vibrations are not perceptible on the surface.
*  Exploitation of shale gas does not cause subsidence.
*  Exploitation of shale gas would take up more space in the landscape than conventional operations because its extraction requires a larger number of wells. The environmental risk is to be considered case by case.
*  The risk of incidents around the drilling of shale gas wells are not much higher than around conventional natural gas drilling. However, they are of a different nature due to the fact that industrial activity for extracting shale gas is more intense than for conventional gas, in fact, the production time and life of a conventional natural gas well is much longer than that of a shale gas well and the quantities extracted are much bigger.
*  The existing laws guarantee a sufficiently restrictive framework to avoid these risks.


In a short speech on television, the Minister of Economy did not mention all these points (= risk). He said that exploratory drilling for shale gas is needed to assess the reserves and assess the impact that this new energy could have on the national economy. He especially stressed that shale gas reserves in the Netherlands can be an asset to the purchasing power of the Dutch.
Before the debate in parliament, the Minister wants to await the view of the Environmental Committee of Parliament on the report, due end of September.

Up till now and to my knowledge, the current Minister of Infrastructure and Environment has made no comment, which may prove that in the Netherlands economic arguments weigh heavier than the threats to the environment and the need for energy transition. Furthermore the Minister of Economy happily confuses exploration and exploitation.
The Minister invited this morning the mayors of the three municipalities involved in the possible first prospective exploration drilling. When they left, two mayors expressed their stupefaction about the fact that they received the report (in all 476 pages) two days ago and had to listen quietly to the Minister summing it up in a quarter of an hour.
Among the first reactions, often critical, I heard one of Professor Jan Hopmans, renowned hydrologist, who did have the time to read it. He first denounced the conflict of interest of some of the investigators, then the contradictions between the same report and its annexes, citing many examples. He concluded by describing the report “scientifically crippled”.
The outcome of the debate in early October, if this debate will take place after the avalanche of reactions, depends primarily on the position of the Labour Party (PvdA) which forms a politically right and left wing coalition with the party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD). Labour Party activists have already spoken out against the exploitation of shale gas.
It remains to be seen what the position of the parliamentary left will be during the debate. Some Labour memers of Parliament have already called for a public hearing on shale gas.
Active opponents of shale gas in the Netherlands may thank the Minister of Economy and his sloppy dealings in this matter. I have rarely seen, heard and read so many negative comments and reactions in one day.
To be continued.

Joop van Helmond

BAD NEWS -
Shale gas is safe
according to a secret report.

The report, by Witteveen+Bos, Fugro en Arcadis , was finished within 3 months, results of a short public consultation were ignored and decision was behind doors.

Shale gas safe, says government report; cabinet to discuss Friday

Friday 23 August 2013

Dutch ministers will on Friday discuss a still-confidential report which states fracking – the process of extracting gas from shale rock deep under the ground – is safe, according to RTL news.

Shale gas is ordinary natural gas that has been trapped in dense shale beds deep underground. It is extracted using a controversial process known as fracking, which involves drilling a hole deep into the shale and pumping in water mixed with sand and chemicals.

A number of local councils, water boards and even brewing groups like Heineken have come out against the production of shale gas in the Netherlands because of the risk of pollution.

Protests

The protests led economic affairs minister Henk Kamp to commission a report into the pros and cons of fracking in the Netherlands.

RTL has a secret copy of the document which states shale gas can be extracted cleanly and safely. Three trial locations – Boxtel, Haaren and the Noordoost polder – have already been earmarked and ministers are now poised to give the go ahead to test drilling, sources have told the broadcaster.

Environmental group Milieudefensie said voting in favour of fracking would be reckless. The report is a ‘sloppy, rushed job’, has been pieced together from existing publications and is not geared to the Dutch situation, the organsation said.
In Britain, plans to extract shale gas in parts of rural England have led to major protests and arrests.

http://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2013/08/shale_gas_safe_says_government.php

Dutch website: https://www.schaliegasvrij.nl/

Conclusies onderzoeksrapport risico’s schaliegas gelekt: geen solide uitgangspunt voor besluitvorming beleid

Posted on 22 augustus 2013

Stichting Schaliegasvrij Nederland heeft kennis genomen van het verschijnen van het onderzoeksrapport aangaande de risico’s voor mens en milieu van schaliegas- en steenkoolgas, dat in opdracht van het Ministerie van EZ is opgesteld door consortium Witteveen+Bos, Fugro en Arcadis. Door de intransparante werkwijze van EZ richting de klankbordgroep voor dit onderzoek, waarvan SSN deel uitmaakte, heeft de stichting nog geen kans gehad de inhoud van het rapport te bestuderen. SSN is echter van mening dat het onderzoek, dat van finalisatie van onderzoeksvoorstel tot presentatie nog geen 3 maanden in beslag heeft genomen, geen solide uitgangspunt kan vormen voor een gedegen besluitvorming over dit belangrijke onderwerp.

http://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2013/08/no_green_light_yet_for_shale_g.php

 

1) The actual study in Dutch:
http://www.rijksoverheid.nl/ministeries/ez/documenten-en-publicaties/kamerstukken/2013/08/26/brief-aan-de-tweede-kamer-schaliegas-resultaten-onderzoek-en-verdere-voortgang.html

with a concise english summary on page 5. In any case I understand all has been on the basis of literature survey, also they did not look at specific local conditions of proposed test locations:
http://t.co/u9U5pbifay

2) A criticism of the study from the Schaliegasvrij campaign (in Dutch only):
https://www.schaliegasvrij.nl/2013/08/22/conclusies-onderzoeksrapport-risicos-schaliegas-gelekt-geen-solide-uitgangspunt-voor-besluitvorming-beleid/

A Dutch campaigner said that “initially there was a consultative committee from which last June both environmental groups and local governments have withdrawn when it was clear that they could not have any say on the conclusions of the report. A clear sign that there have been strong political pressures from the ministry of economic affairs.”

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